What is the problem of evil as defined by Mackie?

What is the problem of evil as defined by Mackie?

Mackie’s main objection is to question whether there is any coherent sense of ‘free will’ which satisfies both (i) and (ii): u201cif God has made men such that in their free choices they sometimes prefer what is good and sometimes what is evil, why could he not have made men such that they always freely choose the good?

What is the paradox of omnipotence as presented by Mackie?

Mackie states the paradox as follows: u201ccan an omnipotent being make things which he cannot subsequently control? … It is clear that this is a paradox: the questions cannot be answered satisfactorily either in the affirmative or in the negative

What did JL Mackie argue?

He argued that the idea of human free will is no defence for those who wish to believe in an omnicompetent being in the face of evil and suffering, as such a being could have given us both free will and moral perfection, thus resulting in us choosing the good in every situation.

What did John Mackie believe?

JL Mackie was persuasive in his argument by showing that belief in an almighty God is not rational. He proves this by posing the problem of evil. According to JL Mackie, if God exists and is omniscient, omnipotent, and good then evil would not exist.

What is the problem of evil explain?

The problem of evil refers to the challenge of reconciling belief in an omnipotent, omnibenevolent, and omniscient God, with the existence of evil and suffering in the world.

What is Mackie’s basic argument?

The so-called u201cargument from queernessu201d is one of two arguments against the existence of objective values put forward by J. L. Mackie in his Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong, the other being the u201cargument from relativity.u201d By the term u201cobjective value,u201d Mackie primarily means moral goodness, rightness and wrongness, …

Does Mackie think the free will defense solves the problem of evil?

Mackie thinks that the free will defense is a complete failure: it explains no evil at all. Because free will is a good, a wholly good being might wish for others to have free will. But it is impossible to both give free will to creatures and stop them from using that free will to do evil.

What does the logical problem of evil say?

The logical problem of evil claims that God’s omnipotence, omniscience and supreme goodness would completely rule out the possibility of evil and that the existence of evil would do the same for the existence of a supreme being.

What does Mackie say about God?

Mackie states the problem as follows: u201cGod is omnipotent; God is wholly good; and yet evil exists.

Is God omnipotent paradox?

The so-called u201cargument from queernessu201d is one of two arguments against the existence of objective values put forward by J. L. Mackie in his Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong, the other being the u201cargument from relativity.u201d By the term u201cobjective value,u201d Mackie primarily means moral goodness, rightness and wrongness, …

How does Mackie define a fallacious solution to the problem of evil?

In the 11th century, Anselm of Canterbury argues that there are many things that God cannot do, but that nonetheless he counts as omnipotent. Thomas Aquinas advanced a version of the omnipotence paradox by asking whether God could create a triangle with internal angles that did not add up to 180 degrees.

What is Mackie’s main argument?

Mackie’s main objection is to question whether there is any coherent sense of ‘free will’ which satisfies both (i) and (ii): u201cif God has made men such that in their free choices they sometimes prefer what is good and sometimes what is evil, why could he not have made men such that they always freely choose the good?

What does Mackie argue?

John Mackie argued that God’s perfect goodness is incompatible with his failing to. actualize the best world that he can actualize. And God’s omnipotence is incompatible. with his being unable to actualize a morally perfect world.

What is Mackie’s argument from evil?

J. L. Mackie uses the problem of evil to show that belief in an all good god is irrational. Mackie argues that if an omnipotent and morally perfect god exists, why then is there so much evil in this world? He explains that the existence of evil is a direct contradiction of God being all good.

What does Mackie say about the cosmological argument?

Mackie notes that this version of the cosmological argument relies (implicitly) on the principle of sufficient reasonu2014roughly, the view that there must be an explanation for everything. It says, in effect, that there are no brute facts. Every fact is, in principle if not in practice, explainable.

What did Mackie argue?

According to John Mackie, and virtually everyone else, necessarily, if God can actualize a morally perfect world, then God does actualize a morally perfect world.

Does Mackie believe in free will?

Mackie thinks that the free will defense is a complete failure: it explains no evil at all. Because free will is a good, a wholly good being might wish for others to have free will. But it is impossible to both give free will to creatures and stop them from using that free will to do evil.

What does Mackie disagree with?

Moral Disagreement He takes this disagreement as evidence that no objective moral values exist. But he thinks scientific disagreement about, for instance, the properties of our universe, such as whether the universe began at a point in time or is eternal.

What view does Mackie defend?

Another key piece of evidence comes from Mackie’s choice of nomenclature. In addition to ‘error theory’, one of Mackie’s names for the metaethical position he defends in Chapter 1 of Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong is ‘moral subjectivism’ (17u201318).

What is the problem of evil and what is Aquinas answer for it?

Aquinas states in his reply to the reality of evil and the problem it creates for the existence of infinite goodness exemplified by God that the beauty and perfection of God’s Omni benevolence is that He does allow evil to exist in His presence so that He can create good from this evil.

What are the problems of evil and suffering?

There are two types of evil and suffering: Moral evil and suffering u2013 this is suffering caused by the actions of humans. Examples include acts of murder, and war. Natural evil and suffering u2013 this is suffering that is caused by nature and has nothing to do with the actions of humans.

What does Mackie’s argument from queerness claim?

Mackie’s main objection is to question whether there is any coherent sense of ‘free will’ which satisfies both (i) and (ii): u201cif God has made men such that in their free choices they sometimes prefer what is good and sometimes what is evil, why could he not have made men such that they always freely choose the good?

What does Mackie say about evil?

Mackie states the problem as follows: u201cGod is omnipotent; God is wholly good; and yet evil exists.

How does the free will Defence solve the problem of evil?

Response 3: The free will defense. God allows evil for the sake of our free will. Free will is a great good, and it is impossible for God to give us free will without allowing evil. So, God allows evil to exist. The same cannot be said for some further versions of the argument from evil.

What did Mackie believe in?

Another key piece of evidence comes from Mackie’s choice of nomenclature. In addition to ‘error theory’, one of Mackie’s names for the metaethical position he defends in Chapter 1 of Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong is ‘moral subjectivism’ (17u201318).

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