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Complemento verbal en ingles

Complemento verbal en ingles

Esta lección te ayudará a comprender qué es un complemento verbal en inglés, cómo identificarlo en una oración y qué papel juega.

What is a verb complement?

Definición de complemento verbal: un complemento verbal suele ser un objeto que viene después de un verbo y completa su significado. Sin el verbo complemento, la oración deja de tener el mismo significado y se ve incompleta.

Estudiemos algunos ejemplos para ver qué es un complemento verbal y cómo funciona en una oración.

I want.
When you read this sentence, you feel something needs to come after the verb ‘want’. It’s important to talk about what you want. Without its object (complement), the sentence looks incomplete.

Corrections (with verb complements):

  • I want to learn from you.
  • I want some food.
  • I want skilled employees.
  • I want a lot of money.

Now, after adding the object of the verb ‘want’, the sentence makes sense. The object here is completing the meaning of the verb.

More examples of verb complements:

  • Let’s pursue this course.
    You just can’t pursue. You need something to pursue. Without the complement (object) of the verb ‘pursue’, the sentence doesn’t make complete sense. Here, the object ‘this course’ is a complement to the verb and completes its meaning.
  • I hope that you win this competition.
    Here, the noun clause coming after the verb ‘hope’ is its complement. You don’t just hope; you hope something. Here, the noun clause is the verb’s complement. Without the complement, the sentence (I hope) looks incomplete.
  • We enjoyed watching this show.
    You enjoy something. You need something to enjoy. This verb is incomplete without it. Here, ‘watching this show’ (gerund phrase) is the complement to the verb ‘enjoy’. Try reading it without the complement: we enjoyed. It doesn’t look complete, does it?
  • Do you mind switching our seats?
    ‘To mind’ means to dislike. You just can’t mind; you mind something. There has to be something that you mind. I can mind your behavior, living with you, your touching me, someone living in my house, and so on. But I can’t just mind.

Types of verb complements

Hay dos tipos de complementos verbales:

  1. Direct object
  2. Indirect object

Direct object

Un objeto directo de un verbo es alguien o algo que recibe directamente la acción. Preguntar ‘qué’ o quién’ al verbo te da el objeto directo.

Ex – I love Jon. (Love whom = Jon (DO))
The sentence does not make sense or looks incomplete without the object. The object is a complement to the verb.

More examples:

  • You can’t beat us in the match.
  • We have food for you.
  • I am watching a horror movie.
  • Max beat Conor in the finals.
  • Do you mind passing me that bottle?

Imagine these sentences without the verb complements (direct objects). They don’t make much sense without them.

Indirect object

Un objeto indirecto suele ser una persona para quien se realiza una acción. El objeto indirecto recibe la acción. Podemos encontrarlo preguntando ‘quién’ al verbo.

Un objeto indirecto siempre se usa con un objeto directo. No se puede usar en una oración si el objeto directo no está allí.

Ex – She gave Jonas a beautiful car.
Direct object = a beautiful car (gave what?)
Indirect object = Jonas (gave it to whom?)

Try imagining the sentence (She gave) without the objects. The sentence doesn’t make sense without the objects working as the complement to the verb.

More examples:

  • I will give him the money in some time.
  • Rahul taught us Money Management last week.
  • Could you pass Jon this book?
  • I will show your parents what you do here.
  • Don’t tell my friends anything.

What can be a complement to the verb?

Un verbo complemento como su objeto puede ser las siguientes cosas:

  • Noun or noun phrase
  • Pronoun
  • Gerund or gerunds phrase
  • Infinitive or infinitive phrase
  • Noun clause

1. Noun or noun phrase

Un sustantivo o una frase nominal a menudo funciona como el objeto de un verbo. Aquí hay unos ejemplos:

  • Some of us are training kids to be fighters.
  • I don’t have money to spend.
  • They killed an innocent dog.
  • The teacher punished all the students.

2. Pronoun

Un pronombre también puede ser un objeto del verbo. Aquí hay unos ejemplos:

  • I have never seen him.
  • Nobody has touched you inappropriately.
  • Give me something for the program.
  • Your father hates us.

3. Gerund or Gerund phrase

Un gerundio o una frase en gerundio también pueden recibir el verbo principal directamente. Aquí hay unos ejemplos:

  • My friend Monu loves playing with kids.
  • We regret asking you for help.
  • We would prefer sitting at the last table.
  • Kids love playing.

4. Infinitive or infinitive phrase

Un infinitivo también puede ser un objeto de un verbo. Puedes usarlo con todos los verbos de acción; hay algunos verbos que solo se pueden usar con infinitivos.

Examples:

  • I like to sing sometimes.
  • Your friends want to come to my party.
  • I wish to see you again.
  • We are planning to work with you.

Noun clause

Una cláusula nominal es una cláusula dependiente que funciona como un sustantivo. También puede actuar como el objeto de un verbo. Aquí hay unos ejemplos:

  • I know that you want me to lose.
  • Nobody could imagine that you would lose the fight in the first round.
  • I loved what you did at the party.
  • We all want to know when you are coming back again.

Practice set!

Hagamos una serie de práctica para ver si hemos entendido el tema.

A continuación hay algunas oraciones. Léalos atentamente y vea si están incompletos y faltan complementos verbales. Si lo hacen, completa las oraciones usando el complemento del verbo.

Examples:

  • We are staying.
  • She never said.
  • After the match, they told.
  • I hate.
  • We all had.

Subject complement vs Verb complement

Algunas personas confunden el complemento de sujeto con un complemento de verbo. Esto sucede porque un complemento de sujeto también viene después de un verbo.

Pero la diferencia clave entre ellos es que un complemento de sujeto viene después de un verbo de enlace, y un complemento de verbo viene después de un verbo de acción o un verbo de estado que no actúa como un verbo de enlace también.

Subject complement examples:

  • These buildings are very old.
  • Rahul was a coder at an MNC.
  • She is my younger sister.
  • You have been extremely supportive throughout my journey.

Un complemento de sujeto funciona como sustantivo o como adjetivo. Como sustantivo, cambia el nombre del sujeto y se llama predicado nominativo. Y como adjetivo, modifica el sujeto y se llama adjetivo predicado.

Verb complement examples:

  • Rahul does not like Chinese food.
  • She was living in Canada.
  • You have finished my food.

Practice set!

Estudie los siguientes ejemplos e identifique complementos de sujeto y complementos de verbo:

  1. You looked incredibly good.
  2. I was looking in the mirror.
  3. I don’t mind working with Riya.
  4. Monice seem happy right now.
  5. Don’t put icecube in my drink.
  6. You are a great man.
  7. I have been very fortunate to know you.
  8. You can’t afford this car.
  9. I will look into the matter.
  10. Don’t take off your clothes.

Answers:

  1. Subject complement (incredibly good)
  2. Verb complement (in the mirror)
  3. Verb complement (working with Riya)
  4. Subject complement (happy)
  5. Verb complement (in my drink)
  6. Subject complement (a great man)
  7. Subject complement (very fortunate)
  8. Verb complement (this car)
  9. Verb complement (into, the matter)
  10. Verb complement (off, your clothes)

FAQs

What is verb complement and examples?

Un complemento verbal suele ser un objeto directo que viene justo después del verbo. Sin ella, el verbo no completa su significado y la oración parece incompleta.

Examples:
1. I want to help you. (Without the complement, the sentence ( I want) looks incomplete)
2. We really needed your support.

It can be a preposition in a phrasal verb. Without it, the verb loses its original meaning.
Ex – We will look after your dog.

What is a complement in English?

Un complemento en inglés es algo que completa el significado de una parte de una oración. Eliminarlo de la oración hace que la oración no sea gramatical o cambia su significado central.

What is an example of a subject complement?

Un complemento de sujeto es una palabra o un grupo de palabras que complementan al sujeto dándole un nombre o modificándolo. Un sustantivo o un equivalente de un sustantivo cambia el nombre del sujeto, y un adjetivo o un equivalente de un adjetivo modifica el sujeto. Un complemento de sujeto viene después de un verbo de enlace.

Examples:
1. Jon is my project partner. (renaming the subject)
2. Jon is talented. (modifying the subject)

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