Uso de HAS BEEN, HAVE BEEN, HAD BEEN en inglés

Uso de HAS BEEN, HAVE BEEN, HAD BEEN en inglés

En esta publicación, aprendemos cuándo usar ha sido, han sido y había sido en inglés.

Antes de ver todos los diferentes usos de ha sido, han sido y habían sido en inglés, aprendamos con qué sujetos usamos estos verbos.

Use of subjects with has been, have been and had been

  • Has been = singular subject (he, she, it and all singular noun names)
  • Have been = plural subject (I, you, we, they and all plural noun names)
  • Had been = any subject (both singular and plural)

Singular noun names = Rahul, Max, Roxy, mother doctor, dog, cat, book, class, etc.
Plural noun names = 
friends, people, students, cats, dogs, classes, parents, teachers, etc.

When to use has been, have been, and had been in English?

When to use has been, have been, and had been in English

Estas son las situaciones en las que usamos has been, have been y had been en inglés:

1. HAS BEEN & HAVE BEEN are used as helping verbs in Present perfect continuous tense, and HAD BEEN is used as a helping verb in Past perfect continuous tense.

Ha sido y han sido se usan como verbos auxiliares en presente perfecto continuo para hablar sobre una acción que comenzó en el pasado y continúa en el presente.

Had been se usa como verbo auxiliar en el tiempo pasado perfecto continuo para hablar de una acción que comenzó en el pasado, continuó durante algún tiempo y luego se detuvo solo en el pasado.

Has been examples:

  • He has been helping me with my project for some months.
  • Jyoti has been painting stones since last year.
  • My father has been working there since 1990.
  • She has been teaching for a long time.
  • It has been working here.

NOTA: Usamos ‘FOR’ para hablar sobre el tiempo de duración de la acción y ‘SINCE’ para hablar sobre la hora de inicio de la acción.

Have been examples:

  • I have been making English videos for some years.
  • You have been working hard.
  • We have been helping them since last year.
  • They have been sleeping for 15 hours.
  • These guys have been performing well lately.

Had been examples:

  • Ron had been living there for 10 years before coming back to India.
  • We had been waiting there for hours when he came.
  • She had been cooking when the guests came.

En estos ejemplos, ha sido, han sido y habían sido funcionan como verbos auxiliares; la forma progresiva de un verbo (V1+ing) que viene después de ellos es el verbo principal.

2. HAS BEEN & HAVE BEEN are used as helping verbs in Present perfect tense (passive voice), and HAD BEEN is used as a helping verb in Past perfect tense (passive voice).

Ha sido y han sido se usan como verbos auxiliares en tiempo presente perfecto (voz pasiva) para hablar sobre una acción que comenzó en el pasado y continúa en el presente.

Had been se usa como verbo auxiliar en pasado perfecto (voz pasiva) para hablar de una acción que comenzó en el pasado, continuó durante algún tiempo y luego se detuvo solo en el pasado.

NOTA: en voz pasiva, el escritor se enfoca en el objeto del verbo, no en el autor de la acción.

Has been examples:

  • My account has been credited with $500.
  • The building has been painted recently.
  • He has been promoted to the branch manager.
  • The lady has been taken to the hospital.
  • The fight has been rebooked.

Have been examples:

  • We have been demoted by the organization.
  • All the schools have been revamped in Delhi.
  • They have been fired from the job.
  • The classes have been canceled.

Had been examples:

  • The bar had been closed before we reached there.
  • The food had been finished when I got home.
  • His parents had been admitted to the hospital on time.
  • Some of us had been fired from the job before 2019.

Tenga en cuenta que estas oraciones están en voz pasiva. En la mayoría de estas oraciones, no se menciona al autor de la acción. Ha sido, ha sido y ha sido están actuando como verbos auxiliares aquí; el participio pasado (V3) que viene después de ellos es el verbo principal.

3. HAS BEEN and HAVE BEEN are used as stative verbs in the present perfect tense, and HAD BEEN is used as a stative verb in the past perfect tense.

Ha sido y han sido se usan como verbos estativos en presente perfecto para mostrar un estado de ser o la situación en la que ha estado el sujeto de la oración durante algún tiempo.

Y había sido como un verbo estativo en el tiempo pasado perfecto muestra un estado de ser o la situación en la que el sujeto de la oración había estado durante algún tiempo en el pasado.

Examples of ‘has been’ as a stative verb:

  • Archit has been helpful since last year. (showing the continuous state that Archit has been in)
  • Your performance has been very crucial for the team.
  • This year has been terrible for most people.
  • This number has been lucky for me.
  • The journey has been painful for a year.
  • Jyoti has been there for me in every tough situation.

Examples of ‘have been’ as a stative verb:

Examples of ‘have been’ as a stative verb:

  • You have been a life saver for many years.
  • have been very excited for this match. (Excited is an adjective here, not an action verb)
  • We have been crazy about cricket since our childhood.
  • They have been interested in fighting for a long time.
  • Have you been sick lately?
  • My friends have been a big fan of you.

Examples of ‘had been’ as a stative verb:

  • had been sick for a month when she left me.
  • Rahul had been an amazing friend before Riya came in his life.
  • She had been mad about movies since her childhood.

NOTA: Aquí, been es el verbo principal (participio pasado del verbo BE), y has, have y had son verbos auxiliares. Juntos, ha sido, han sido y habían sido mostrar un estado de ser del sujeto.

What is the difference between has been have been and had been?

“Had been” is used to mean that something happened in the past and has already ended. “Have been” and “has been” are used to mean that something began in the past and has lasted into the present time.

When to use has been and have been?

We would use have been when the sentence subject is I, you, we, or the third person plural (the children have been studying grammar all morning; they have been studying all morning). If the sentence subject is a third-person singular noun (he, she, it, Courtney), we would use the phrase has been.

Have been and has been example sentence?

You form the present perfect progressive by using have been (or has been) followed by an –ing verb. For instance, “She has been sitting in class since early this morning.” The action, sitting, is continuing. But the emphasis is on the completed part of the action.

Has been VS had been passive?

When used in the past perfect continuous tense with had been the main verb should come in the continuous form. Past participle forms of the verbs are used with has been and had been only in the passive voice. These are the main differences between the two forms; namely, has been and had been.

Has and have example?

“Have” is a verb that means to possess something or to do something. For example, “I have a car.” or “I have a pencil.” “Has” is also a verb that means the subject has done something at some point in their life. For example, “He has been to Paris.”

Has been used meaning?

“It has been used” means that at some time in the past, somone has used it.

Has been done VS had been done?

Has been done VS had been done

Had done is used to speak about an action that was completed a long time ago in the past. Have done can be used only with first person and second person pronouns as well as third person plural form. For the third person singular pronouns such as he and she, you have to use has done.

Have had and has had difference?

Have had is used when we want to connect the present with the recent past in some kind of a way. Have had is in the present perfect tense. Had is the past form of the verb ‘to have’ which is also used as an auxiliary verb in the past perfect tense.

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