La diferencia entre “Usar”, “Era”, “Somos” y “Dónde”

La diferencia entre “Usar”, “Era”, “Somos” y “Dónde”

“Usar”, “eran”, “somos” y “dónde” son fáciles de confundir. Suenan similar, pero sus significados son muy diferentes.

Aquí está la respuesta rápida: “Usar” significa tener ropa puesta o deteriorada. “Were” es el tiempo pasado de are. “We’re” es una abreviatura de we are. “Dónde” es un lugar.

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Examples with “Wear,” “Were,” “We’re,” and “Where”

To Wear. “Usar” tiene dos significados: (1) tener ropa puesta y (2) deteriorarse. Por ejemplo:

  • I want to wear my new dress. ✔️
  • The machine will wear a hole in my jeans. ✔️

Wear. “Usar” es un sustantivo asociado con cada uno de los significados anteriores. Por ejemplo:

  • It is formal wear for the party. ✔️
  • Look at the wear on this screw. ✔️

Were. “Were” es la versión en tiempo pasado de “are”. Por ejemplo:

  • They were happy, but now they are ecstatic. ✔️

We’re. “We’re” es una abreviatura de “we are”. Por ejemplo:

  • We’re going home now. ✔️

Where. “Dónde” se refiere a un lugar. Por ejemplo:

  • I’m sick of following my dreams. I’m just going to ask them where they’re going and hook up with them later. (Comedian Mitch Hedberg) ✔️

Wear

El verbo “vestir” significa estar adornado con ropa, decoración o protección. También significa causar deterioro o daño por uso continuo o fricción. (La palabra “desgaste” también se puede usar como sustantivo).

Ejemplos de oraciones con “desgaste”:

  • I wear a necklace because I want to know when I’m upside down. ✔️ (Comedian Mitch Hedberg)
    (Here, “wear” means to have clothing or decoration on.)
  • Our constancy was necessary to wear down the oppressive forces of the old democracy. ✔️ (Novelist Federica Montseny)
    (Here, “wear” means to cause deterioration. It is being used figuratively in this example.)
  • This heavy-duty wear is showing signs of wear. ✔️
    (Here, the first “wear” means clothing and the second means deterioration. They are both nouns.)

Were

“Were” es una de las formas pasadas del verbo “to be”. Mira esta tabla:

Pronoun Person Verb “To Be” in Past Tense
I First person singular was
You Second person singular were
He/She/It Third person singular was
We First person plural were
You Second person plural were
They Third person plural were

“Were” es también la forma subjuntiva de “was”. Por ejemplo:

  • If you were right, I’d have agreed with you. ✔️ (Actor Robin Williams)

We’re

“We’re” es una contracción de “we are”. Por ejemplo:

  • Individually, we’re one drop. Together, we’re an ocean. ✔️ (Writer Ryunosuke Satoro)

Where

El adverbio “donde” se usa para referirse a un lugar. Por ejemplo:

  • A bank is a place where they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain. ✔️ (Poet Robert Frost)
  • Where there is love there is life. ✔️ (Indian statesman Mahatma Gandhi)

What Part of Speech Is “Where”?

“Dónde” se refiere a un lugar. Gramaticalmente, “dónde” puede desempeñar uno de los tres roles en una oración:
(1) “Where” is an interrogative adverb:

  • Where are you going?
    (“Where” can be used to ask a question about a place.)

(2) “Where” is a relative adverb:

  • It is the building where we met Janice.
    (“Where” can be used to head a relative clause. Here, the relative clause is shaded. It modifies “building.”)

“Where” is a subordinating conjunction:

  • Where two people remain, the winner is the person with the most money.
    (“Where” can be used to head a dependent clause. Here, the dependent clause is shaded.)

Nota: Este es un uso inusual de “dónde”. Se traduce mejor como “en situaciones cuando”. A menudo se puede reemplazar con “cuando”, especialmente si “a veces cuando” encaja mejor.

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