La diferencia entre “muchos” y “mucho”

La diferencia entre “muchos” y “mucho”

“Muchos” y “mucho” son fáciles de confundir, especialmente si eres un estudiante de inglés.

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  • “Many” is used with a plural noun. For example:
    • Do you have many coins?
      (“Coins” is a plural noun.)
  • “Much” is used with a singular noun. For example:
    • Do you have much money?
      (“Money” is a singular noun.)

More about “Much” and “Many”

Las palabras “mucho” y “muchos” significan “mucho”. Como resultado, a veces se confunden.

Much

“Mucho” se usa con un sustantivo singular.

Ejemplos de oraciones con “mucho”:

  • How much money does one man need?
    (“Money” is a singular noun.)
  • How much wood could a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?
    (“Wood” is a singular noun.)
  • People don’t understand how much time and work it takes to make somebody laugh. (Actor Marlon Wayans)
    (“Time” and “work” are both singular nouns.)

Many

“Muchos” se usa con un sustantivo en plural.

Ejemplos de oraciones con “muchos”:

  • It takes many good deeds to build a good reputation, and only one bad one to lose it. (Founding Father of the United States Benjamin Franklin)
    (“Deeds” is a plural noun.)
  • Many people limit themselves to what they think they can do. (Businesswoman Mary Kay Ash)
    (“People” is a plural noun.)
  • A man can fail many times, but he isn’t a failure until he begins to blame somebody else. (Naturalist John Burroughs)
    (“Times” is a plural noun.)

“Much” and “Many” with Questions and Negative Clauses

Las palabras “mucho” y “muchos” se usan a menudo en preguntas o cláusulas negativas.

Por ejemplo:

  • Will you need much help?
    (Question)
  • You will not need much time.
    (Negative clause)
  • How many cats are there?
    (Question)
  • You do not have many positive traits.
    (Negative clause)

“Much” and “Many” in Positive Clauses

Cuando se usan en cláusulas positivas, las palabras “mucho” y “muchos” a menudo se usan con términos como “como”, “así” y “también”.

Por ejemplo:

  • You have as many issues as I do.
  • You have so many faults.
  • You have too many problems to list.
  • Please bring me as much cheese as you can carry.
  • I have so much cheese.
  • If you spend too much time thinking about a thing, you’ll never get it done. (Martial artist Bruce Lee)

Es posible ver “mucho” y “muchos” usados ​​en cláusulas positivas sin términos como “como”, “así” y “también”, pero la mayoría de los hablantes nativos de inglés elegirán naturalmente “a lot of” o “lots of”. en lugar de “mucho” y “muchos” en esas circunstancias. Por ejemplo:

  • You have lots of issues.
  • You have a lot of issues.
  • That is lots of cheese.
  • That is a lot of cheese.

“Much” and “Many” Are Indefinite Determiners

Cuando se usan para modificar un sustantivo, las palabras “mucho” y “muchos” se clasifican como determinantes indefinidos. Otros determinantes indefinidos comunes son “cada uno”, “cualquiera”, “pocos”, “la mayoría”, “varios” y “algunos”.

Learn about Countable and Non-Countable Nouns

Los sustantivos con forma plural se llaman sustantivos contables. Por lo tanto, “muchos” se usa con sustantivos contables (cuando están en plural). Los sustantivos contables contrastan con los no contables. Los sustantivos no contables no tienen forma plural. Por lo tanto, “mucho” se usa con sustantivos no contables.

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