La diferencia entre “It’s” y “Its”

La diferencia entre “It’s” y “Its”

“It’s” y “its” son fáciles de confundir porque “it’s” (con un apóstrofe) no se usa para posesión, que es uno de los usos de un apóstrofe.

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It’s. “Es” es la abreviatura de “es” o “tiene”. Por ejemplo:

  • It’s amazing. ✔️
    (It is amazing.)
  • It’s got to be a joke. ✔️
    (It has got to be a joke.)

Its. “Its” es la forma posesiva de “it”. Por ejemplo:

  • I can see its eyes. ✔️
    (The word “its” (without an apostrophe) is a possessive determiner.)

More about “It’s”

“Es” es la abreviatura de “es” o “tiene”. Esta es una regla del 100%. “It’s” no se puede usar para nada más.

100% Rule

Si no puede expandir su “es” a “es” o “tiene”, ¡entonces está mal!

“Es” es una contracción. Es como “no es”, “no” y “no puedo”.

More about “Its”

“Its” es como “his” y “her”. (Todos son determinantes posesivos). Mira estos ejemplos:

  • These are his pies.
    (“His” is used for a masculine possessor (owner).)
  • These are her flowers.
    (“Her” is used for feminine possessor.)
  • These are its footprints.
    (“Its” is used for neuter possessor.)

More about “Its”

“Its” es como “his” y “her”. (Todos son determinantes posesivos). Mira estos ejemplos:

  • These are his pies.
    (“His” is used for a masculine possessor (owner).)
  • These are her flowers.
    (“Her” is used for feminine possessor.)
  • These are its footprints.
    (“Its” is used for neuter possessor.)

Example Sentences with “It’s” and “Its”

Aquí hay oraciones de ejemplo con “it’s” y “its”:

  • It’s been raining for a week, and now it’s starting to snow. ✔️
    (The first “it’s” expands to “it has.” The second “it’s” expands to “it is.”)
  • It’s one of the hardest courses in it’s history.
    (The first “it’s” is correct. The second should be “its.”)
  • I think the company wants to have its cake and eat it. ✔️
    (This is correct. The “its” is a possessive determiner.)
  • The reef shark chases it’s prey through the coral.
    (This is wrong. It should be “its.” It cannot be expanded to “it is” or “or has” so it must be the possessive determiner “its.”)
  • I’m astounded by people who want to know the universe when it’s so hard to find your way around Chinatown. (Actor Woody Allen) ✔️
  • A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on. (Prime Minister Winston Churchill) ✔️
  • There is nothing in the world like the devotion of a married woman. It’s a thing no married man knows anything about. (Playwright Oscar Wilde) ✔️
  • Whenever cannibals are on the brink of starvation, Heaven, in its infinite mercy, sends them a fat missionary. (Playwright Oscar Wilde) ✔️
  • Constant company wears out its welcome. ✔️
  • A frog can’t empty its stomach by vomiting. To empty its stomach contents, a frog throws up its stomach first, so the stomach is dangling out of its mouth. Then the frog uses its forearms to dig out all of the stomach’s contents and then swallows the stomach back down again. ✔️
  • A completely blind chameleon will still take on the colors of its environment. ✔️

Why Is There Confusion?

Los apóstrofes se utilizan para indicar posesión. Por ejemplo, la forma posesiva de “perro” es “perro” (como en “los dientes del perro” o “la pelota del perro”).

Por lo tanto, comprensiblemente, muchos piensan que la forma posesiva de “eso” debería ser “es”. Se ajusta al patrón. Para empeorar las cosas, hay alguna evidencia de que la forma posesiva de “eso” solía ser “es”. Por ejemplo, la palabra “es” se usa erróneamente (por las convenciones actuales) en toda la Constitución estadounidense.

Don’t Get It? Well, Never Ever Write “It’s”…Ever!

Si nada de esto tiene sentido, entonces nunca escribas “es”. Esta es una solución drástica para solucionar este problema, pero funcionaría. En lugar de escribir “es”, escribe la versión completa (ya sea “es” o “tiene”). Si no puede (porque su oración no tiene sentido), entonces use “its”.

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