Adverbios oracionales: definición, ejemplos y consejos

Adverbios oracionales: definición, ejemplos y consejos

Esta publicación nos ayudará a comprender qué son los adverbios de oración y cómo usarlos en una oración.

What is a sentence adverb?

What is a sentence adverb

 

Definición: un adverbio de oración es una palabra que indica la actitud u opinión del hablante hacia una situación. Modifica una oración completa. Los adverbios oracionales pasan un comentario sobre toda la situación.

Common sentence adverbs: fortunately, unfortunately, clearly, logically, honestly, technically, sadly, frankly, etc.

Examples of sentence adverbs

  • Clearly, this man is not a fighter.
    (Clearly is the sentence adverb in this sentence. The speaker is expressing their opinion about the situation: it is clear that this man is not a fighter. To the speaker, ‘the man not being a fighter’ is clear.)
  • Sadly, Jane is not a part of our team.
    (To the speaker, it is sad that Jane is not a part of the team. Sadly is a sentence adverb here.)
  • Interestingly, no one at the university an answer to his question.
    (The fact the no one at the university had an answer to his question is interesting to the speaker. So, the sentence adverb ‘interestingly‘ is showing the speaker’s attitude towards the situation: he/she finds the situation interesting.)

Note que estas palabras están modificando las oraciones completas; no están modificando una palabra en particular en la oración. Pero cuando modifican una parte particular de la oración (generalmente un verbo), no funcionan como adverbios de oración.

  • Jon interestingly completed the task. (modifying the verb ‘completed’ and telling us ‘in what manner’ the action took place)
  • Meera sadly opens her Christmas present. (modifying the verb ‘opens’ and telling us how the action takes place: in a sad manner)
  • She explained everything clearly. (modifying the verb ‘explained’ and telling us ‘in what manner’ the action took place: in a clear manner)

Note que en estas oraciones, las palabras (interesantemente, tristemente, claramente) están modificando una parte de la oración, no la oración completa.

More examples of sentence adverbs

  • Honestly, Jon lost the watch. (=To be honest, he lost the match.)
    (The speaker is honest when he/she says that Jon lost the match. The sentence adverb is showing speaker’s attitude towards the situation.)
  • Unfortunately, Sheldon wasn’t carrying his phone to record what happened.
    (It is unfortunate (to the speaker) that Sheldon wasn’t carrying his phone to record the event.)
  • Hopefully, you’ll get a good job soon.
    (The speaker is hopeful about the situation.)
  • Frankly, I never wanted to work with them.
    (The sentence adverb is showing the speaker’s attitude towards the situation: he is frank about it.)
  • Apparently, no one wants to talk to us.
    (It is apparent to the speaker (his/her opinion) that no one wants to talk to us.)
  • Fortunately, Max was there to help me.
    (Fortunately is the sentence adverb here. It’s showing the speaker’s attitude towards the sentence: it was fortunate that Max was there to help me.)

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