Realidades 1 Textbook Answers Capitulo 4 Los pasatiempos

Realidades 1 Textbook Answers Chapter 4 Los pasatiempos

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 175

1. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and then complete the sentences related to them.
Javier es de Salamanca. (Javier is from Salamanca.)
Javier tells his friends where he is from in dialogue number 2.
Salamanca

2. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and then complete the sentences related to them.
Después de las clases Javier va a casa. (After classes, Javier goes home.)
Javier tells his friends where he goes after classes in dialogue number 3.
a casa

3. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and then complete the sentences related to them.
Después de las clases Ignacio va al gimnasio. (After classes, Ignacio goes to the gym.)
Ignacio tells his friends where he goes after classes in dialogue number 4.
gimnasio

4. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and then complete the sentences related to them.
El jueves Ana va a la biblioteca. (On Thursday, Ana goes to the library.)
Ana tells her friends where she goes on Thursday in dialogue number 5.
biblioteca

5. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and then complete the sentences related to them.
A Javier le gusta practicar fútbol. (Javier likes to practice soccer.)
Javier talks about what he likes to do in dialogue number 6.
fútbol

6. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and then complete the sentences related to them.
Todos van al parque el sábado. (Everybody goes to the park on Saturday.)
All friends agreed when to go to the park in dialogue number 7.
Note that in Spanish, days of the week are NOT spelled with a capital letter like in English.
sábado

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 176

1. In this exercise, you have to make complete sentences with the appropriate place name with the frequency expression.
An answer to guide you is:
Todos los días ceno con mi madre en la mesa. Every day I have dinner with my mother at the table.
Voy mucho de vacaciones a la playa. I go to the beach a lot on vacation.
A veces doy un paseo con mis amigos en el parque. Sometimes I take a walk with my friends in the park.
Nunca he ido a clases de piano. I have never taken piano lessons.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 176

1. In this exercise, you should write the place where you do a particular activity so that the sentence makes sense.
Remember to use articles when you write the place.
Hago ejercicio en el gimnasio. (I do exercise in the gym.)
el gimnasio

2. In this exercise, you should write the place where you do a particular activity so that the sentence makes sense.
Remember to use articles when you write the place.
Nado en la piscina. (I swim in the pool.)
la piscina

3. In this exercise, you should write the place where you do a particular activity so that the sentence makes sense.
Remember to use articles when you write the place.
Veo películas en el cine. (I watch movies at the cinema.)
el cine

4. In this exercise, you should write the place where you do a particular activity so that the sentence makes sense.
Remember to use articles when you write the place.
Leo libros y revistas en la biblioteca. (I read books and magazines in the library.)
la biblioteca

5. In this exercise, you should write the place where you do a particular activity so that the sentence makes sense.
Remember to use articles when you write the place.
Voy de compras en el centro comercial. (I go shopping at the shopping mall.)
el centro comercial

6. In this exercise, you should write the place where you do a particular activity so that the sentence makes sense.
Remember to use articles when you write the place.
Esquío en las montañas. (I ski in the mountains.)
las montañas

7. In this exercise, you should write the place where you do a particular activity so that the sentence makes sense.
Remember to use articles when you write the place.
Como el desayno en el restaurante. (I eat breakfast at a restaurant.)
El restaurante is a safe choice, but If you are interested, here are more places to put instead of el restaurante:
la cafetería (the café)
la sala de comer (the dinning room)
el restaurante

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 177

1. In this exercise, you will practice talking using the statements from the previous exercise where you talked about how frequently you go to particular places.
Since the answers are personal, use the dialogue below as a reference.
A — Voy al cine a veces. (A — I go to the cinema sometimes .)
B — various options:
¡No me digas! Yo voy al cine a veces también. (Don’t tell me! / No way! I go to the cinema sometimes, too.)
¡No me digas! Yo nunca voy al cine. (Don’t tell me! / No way! I never go to the cinema.)
Pues, yo voy al cine todos los días. (Well, I go to the cinema every day.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 177

1. This is a speaking exercise in which you have to talk to your partner about leisure activities and say how often you do them.
In order to answer this exercise correctly, you have to follow the model provided. It reads:
A: I go to the beach sometimes. B: No way! I go to the beach sometimes too!
Or: No way! I never go to the beach! Or: Well, I go to the beach everyday.
Now, let´s see some of the vocabulary that you may use in your dialogue:
el café, the cafe. el cine, movies. lecciones de piano, piano lessons. el campo, the countryside. la playa, the beach. el restaurante, the restaurant.
Finally, do not forget to use frequency adverbs:
todos los días, everyday. mucho, a lot. a veces, sometimes. nunca, never.
An example of a conversation would be:
A: Nunca voy al cine I never go to the movies. B: ¡No me digas! Yo voy mucho al cine. No way! I go to the movies a lot. Or: ¡No me digas! Yo voy al cine a veces. No way! I go to the movies sometimes! Or: Pues, nunca voy al cine tampoco. Well, I never go to the movies either.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 178

1. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a friend about places you go to and how often you go there.
Since the answers are personal, use the dialogue below as a reference and relate it to you.
A —¿Adónde vas los miércoles? (A —Where do you go on Wednesdays?)
B — various options:
Generalmente voy a (lugar). (Generally, I go to (put a place you go to.))
Generalmente me quedo en casa. (Generally, I stay at home.)

2. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a friend about places you go to and how often you go there.
Since the answers are personal, use the dialogue below as a reference and relate it to you.
A —¿Adónde vas los viernes? (A —Where do you go on Fridays?)
B — various options:
Generalmente voy a (lugar). (Generally, I go to (put a place you go to.))
Generalmente me quedo en la casa. (Generally, I stay at home.)

3. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a friend about places you go to and how often you go there.
Since the answers are personal, use the dialogue below as a reference and relate it to you.
A —¿Adónde vas los sábados? (A —Where do you go on Saturdays?)
B — various options:
Generalmente voy a (lugar). (Generally, I go to (put a place you go to.))
Generalmente me quedo en la casa. (Generally, I stay at home.)

4. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a friend about places you go to and how often you go there.
Since the answers are personal, use the dialogue below as a reference and relate it to you.
A —¿Adónde vas los domingos? (A —Where do you go on Sundays?)
B — various options:
Generalmente voy a (lugar). (Generally, I go to (put a place you go to.))
Generalmente me quedo en la casa. (Generally, I stay at home.)

5. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a friend about places you go to and how often you go there.
Since the answers are personal, use the dialogue below as a reference and relate it to you.
A —¿Adónde vas los dines de semana? (A —Where do you go on weekends?)
B — various options:
Generalmente voy a (lugar). (Generally, I go to (put a place you go to.))
Generalmente me quedo en la casa. (Generally, I stay at home.)

6. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a friend about places you go to and how often you go there.
Since the answers are personal, use the dialogue below as a reference and relate it to you.
A —¿Adónde vas después de las clases? (A —Where do you go after classes?)
B — various options:
Generalmente voy a (lugar). (Generally, I go to (put a place you go to.))
Generalmente me quedo en la casa. (Generally, I stay at home.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 179

1. In this exercise, you should answer questions about the places you go.
Since the places you go to are a personal matter, use the answers below as a reference.
Where do you watch movies more, at home or at the cinema?
Veo más películas en la casa. (I watch more movies at home.)
Veo más películas en el cine. (I watch more movies at the cinema.)

2. In this exercise, you should answer questions about the places you go.
Since the places you go to are a personal matter, use the answers below as a reference.
When you go shopping, where do you go?
Cuando voy de compras, voy al centro comercial. (When I go shopping, I go to the shopping mall.)

3. In this exercise, you should answer questions about the places you go.
Since the places you go to are a personal matter, use the answers below as a reference.
Where do you go on weekends? Do you go alone or with your friends?
Los fines de semana voy al campo/a la playa/al cine/(lugar). (On the weekends, I go to the countryside/the beach/the movies/(put a place you go to).)
Voy solo/sola. (I go alone.)
Voy con mis amigos. (I go with my friends.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 179

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 179

1. In this part of the exercise, you and three other students ask each other how often they do the following activities:
watch movies;
use the computer;
go to work;
run;
go shopping;
go to the library.
They should answer using:
a lot;
sometimes;
never.
Use the dialogue below to ask each person in your group if they do each activity and keep track of their answers.
A — ¿Con qué frecuencia ves películas/usas la computadora/vas a un trabajo/corres/vas de compras/vas a la biblioteca? (A — How often do you watch movies/use the computer/go to work/run/go shopping/go to the library?)
B — possible answers:
Veo películas/Uso la computadora/Voy a un trabajo/Corro/Voy de compras/Voy a la biblioteca mucho. (I watch movies/use the computer/go to work/run/go shopping/go to the library a lot.)
Veo películas/Uso la computadora/Voy a un trabajo/Corro/Voy de compras/Voy a la biblioteca a veces. (I watch movies/use the computer/go to work/run/go shopping/go to the library sometimes.)
Nunca veo películas/uso la computadora/voy a un trabajo/corro/voy de compras/voy a la biblioteca. (I never watch movies/use the computer/go to work/run/go shopping/go to the library.)

2. In this part of the exercise, your group should get together with another four students and summarize your results in sentences.
Since the results are based on personal habits, use the sentences below as a reference and adjust them to fit the results your group got.
Start your summary sentences like this:
Los estudiantes de nuestro grupo… (The students from our group…)
Then, add the activity:
Los estudiantes de nuestro grupo ven películas/usan la computadora/van a un trabajo/corren/van de compras/van a la biblioteca… (The students from our group watch movies/use the computer/go to work/run/go shopping/go to the library…)
Then, add adverbs:
Los estudiantes de nuestro grupo ven películas/usan la computadora/van a un trabajo/corren/van de compras/van a la biblioteca mucho/a veces. (The students from our group watch movies/use the computer/go to work/run/go shopping/go to the library a lot/sometimes)
Adverb never has to be placed before the activity, so the sentence will go like this:
Los estudiantes de nuestro grupo nunca ven películas/usan la computadora/van a un trabajo/corren/van de compras/van a la biblioteca. (The students from our group never watch movies/use the computer/go to work/run/go shopping/go to the library.)

3. In this part of the exercise, use the summary sentences from the previous part and report them to your class and make a class total.
After that, you convert each total to a percentage. This way, you will know how often the students from your class do particular activities.

4. In this part of the exercise, you use the data from the previous part to make a graph that shows how often the students from your class do particular activities.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 180

1. In this exercise, you should complete the text using the irregular verb ir (to go).
Remember that the verb matches the subject in person and number.
…,pero a veces yo voy a Portillo con la familia para esquiar. (…, but sometimes I go to Portillo with my family to ski.)
The subject is yo (I), which is first-person singular, so we used the first-person singular form of the verb ir (to go), which is “voy.”
voy

2. In this exercise, you should complete the text using the irregular verb ir (to go).
Remember that the verb matches the subject in person and number.
Hace mucho frío allí y por eso mi “mamá” chilena no va siempre con nosotros. (It is very cold there and that’s why my Chilean “mom” doesn’t always go with us.)
The subject is mamá (she), which is third-person singular, so we used the third-person singular form of the verb ir (to go), which is “va.”
va

3. In this exercise, you should complete the text using the irregular verb ir (to go).
Remember that the verb matches the subject in person and number.
…y muchos chicos simpáticos van a las lecciones. (…and many nice boys go to lessons.)
The subject is chicos (they), which is third-person plural, so we used the third-person plural form of the verb ir (to go), which is “van.”
van

4. In this exercise, you should complete the text using the irregular verb ir (to go).
Remember that the verb matches the subject in person and number.
Muchas personas van allí para pasar tiempo con los amigos.. (Many people go there to spend time with friends.)
The subject is pesonas (they), which is third-person plural, so we used the third-person plural form of the verb ir (to go), which is “van.”
van

5. In this exercise, you should complete the text using the irregular verb ir (to go).
Remember that the verb matches the subject in person and number.
Nosotros vamos el domingo. (We go on Sunday.)
The subject is nosotros (we), which is first-person plural, so we used the first-person plural form of the verb ir (to go), which is “vamos.”
vamos

6. In this exercise, you should complete the text using the irregular verb ir (to go).
Remember that the verb matches the subject in person and number.
Y tú, ¿vas a la playa tofos los días con tus amigos? (And you, do you go to the beach every day with your friends?)
The subject is tú (you), which is second-person singular, so we used the second-person singular form of the verb ir (to go), which is “vas.”
vas

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 181

1. To complete this exercise, you should read María’s letter from actividad 11 on page 180 and answer the questions related to it.
You should answer in complete sentences.
Who sometimes doesn’t go with the family to Portillo?
La “mamá” chilena de María a veces no va con la familia a Portillo. (María’s Chilean “mom” sometimes doesn’t go with the family to Portillo.)

2. To complete this exercise, you should read María’s letter from actividad 11 on page 180 and answer the questions related to it.
You should answer in complete sentences.
Why María likes to go to skiing lessons?
A María le gusta ir a las lecciones de esquí porque hay muchos chicos simpáticos. (María likes to go to skiing lessons because there are many nice boys.)

3. To complete this exercise, you should read María’s letter from actividad 11 on page 180 and answer the questions related to it.
You should answer in complete sentences.
Where do they go to use the computers?
Ellos van a un cibercafé para usar las computadoras. (They go to a cybercafé to use the computers.)

4. To complete this exercise, you should read María’s letter from actividad 11 on page 180 and answer the questions related to it.
You should answer in complete sentences.
When do they go to a cybercafé?
Ellos van a un cibercafé el domingo. (They go to a cybercafé on Sunday.)

5. To complete this exercise, you should read María’s letter from actividad 11 on page 180 and answer the questions related to it.
You should answer in complete sentences.
Where do many people go to spend time with friends?
Muchas personas van al cibercafé para pasar tiempo con los amigos. (Many people go to a cybercafé to spend time with friends.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 181

1. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a partner about the places he/she goes to do a particular activity.
Use the dialogue below and pay attention to how many people are involved in the activity because you have to use the correct form of the verb ir (to go).
You like to lift weights
A — [tú] ¿Adónde vas? (A — Where do you go [to lift weights]?)
B — [yo] Voy al gimnasio para levantar pesas. (B — I go to the gym to lift weights.)

2. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a partner about the places he/she goes to do a particular activity.
Use the dialogue below and pay attention to how many people are involved in the activity because you have to use the correct form of the verb ir (to go).
You and your friend run a lot
A — [Tú y tu amigo] ¿Adónde van? (A — Where do you go [to run]?)
B — [Yo y mi amigo] Vamos al parque para correr. (B — We go to the park to run.)

3. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a partner about the places he/she goes to do a particular activity.
Use the dialogue below and pay attention to how many people are involved in the activity because you have to use the correct form of the verb ir (to go).
Your friends and you watch a lot of movies
A — [Tus amigos y tú] ¿Adónde van? (A — Where do you go [to watch movies]?)
B — [Mis amigos y yo] Vamos al cine para ver películas. (B — We go to the cinema to watch movies.)

4. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a partner about the places he/she goes to do a particular activity.
Use the dialogue below and pay attention to how many people are involved in the activity because you have to use the correct form of the verb ir (to go).
Your friend likes to eat steak
A — [Tu amigo] ¿Adónde va? (A — Where does he go [to eat steak]?)
B — [él] Va al restaurante para comer bistec. (B — He goes to the restaurant to eat steak.)

5. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a partner about the places he/she goes to do a particular activity.
Use the dialogue below and pay attention to how many people are involved in the activity because you have to use the correct form of the verb ir (to go).
Your friends swim very well
A — [Tus amigos] ¿Adónde van? (A — Where do they go [to swim]?)
B — [Ellos] Van a la piscina para nadar. (B — They go to the swimming pool to swim.)

6. In this exercise, you will practice talking with a partner about the places he/she goes to do a particular activity.
Use the dialogue below and pay attention to how many people are involved in the activity because you have to use the correct form of the verb ir (to go).
Your friends do exercise every day
A — [Tus amigos] ¿Adónde van? (A — Where do they go [to do exercise]?)
B — [Ellos] Van al gimnasio para hacer ejercicio. (B — They go to the gym to do exercise.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 182

1. In this exercise, you and your classmate should write five statements for an activity you do and when you do it. Next to it, write another statement to say where you do that activity.
Since the activities are a matter of personal preferences, use the statements below as a reference.
Nosotros vemos películas los fines de semana. (Vamos a la casa de un amigo.) (We watch movies on weekends.) (We go to a friend’s house.)
Nosotros nadamos después de las clases. (Vamos a la playa.) (We swim after classes.) (We go to the beach.)
Nosotros hacemos ejercicio todos los días. (Vamos al gimnasio.) (We do exercise every day.) (We go to the gym.)
Nosotros leemos mucho todos los días. (Vamos a la biblioteca.) (We read a lot every day.) (We go to the library.)
Nosotros vamos de compras los domingos. (Vamos al centro comercial.) (We go shopping on Sundays.) (We go to the shopping mall.)

2. In this part of the exercise, use the five statements from the previous part and have your classmate guess what place you go to do a particular activity.
Here is the pattern of the dialogue:
A — the statement with an activity.
B — Ustedes van a [lugar], ¿verdad? (You go to [put a place], right?)
A — various options:
Sí, vamos a [lugar]. (Yes, we go to [put a place]. (if it’s true that you go to that place to do that activity)
No, no vamos a [lugar]. Vamos a [lugar]. (No, we don’t go to [put a place]. We go to [put a place]. (if it’s false that you go to that place and put the correct place you go to to do that activity)
Here is the dialogue illustrated using the first statement:
A —Nosotros vemos películas los fines de semana. (We watch movies on weekends.)
B —Ustedes van al cine, ¿verdad? (You go to the cinema, right?)
A —various options:
Sí, vamos al cine para ver películas. (Yes, we go to the cinema to watch movies.) (if it’s true that you watch movies at the cinema)
No, no vamos al cine para ver películas. Vamos a la casa de un amigo. (No, we don’t go to the cinema to watch movies. We go to a friend’s house.) (if you go elsewhere to watch movies)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 184

1. In this exercise, you should make questions out of scrambled elements and then think of a possible answer to that question.
¿De dónde eres tú? (Where are you from?)
Soy de los Estados Unidos*. (I am from the United States.)
*Put the country you live in

2. In this exercise, you should make questions out of scrambled elements and then think of a possible answer to that question.
¿Adónde van ustedes los fines de semana? (Where do you go on weekends?)
Vamos a la playa* los fines de semana. (We go to the beach on weekends.)
*You can put any other place

3. In this exercise, you should make questions out of scrambled elements and then think of a possible answer to that question.
¿Cuándo van ustedes al centro comercial? (When do you go to the shopping mall?)
Vamos al centro comerical los domingos*. (We go to the shopping mall on Sundays.)
*You can put any other day of the week

4. In this exercise, you should make questions out of scrambled elements and then think of a possible answer to that question.
¿Cuántas clases tienes? (How many classes do you have?)
Tengo cinco* clases. (I have five classes.)
*Put the number of classes you have

5. In this exercise, you should make questions out of scrambled elements and then think of a possible answer to that question.
¿Qué haces tú después de las clases? (What do you do after classes?)
Voy al gimnasio* después de las clases. (I go to the gym after classes.)
*You can put any other activity you do

6. In this exercise, you should make questions out of scrambled elements and then think of a possible answer to that question.
¿Con quién vas tú al centro comercial? (Who do you go with to the shopping mall?)
Voy con los amigos* al centro comercial. (I go with friends to the shopping mall.)
*You can put any other person you go with or put that you go alone

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 185

1. In this exercise, according to the Cinema advertisement, write the appropriate word for each question.
You read:
How is the quality of projection in the cinema? Excellent.
The correct form is:
¿Cómo…

2. In this exercise, according to the Cinema advertisement, write the appropriate word for each question.
You read:
What do many people eat there? Popcorn.
The correct form is:
¿Qué…

3. In this exercise, you should use the correct word to ask questions. Here is a table with the most common Spanish wh-words:

Spanish English Usage
Cómo How way/manner
Qué What a thing
Cuál What/Which a specific thing / a choice
Cuándo When time
Dónde Where location
Por qué Why reason/explanation
Quién Who a person

¿Cuál es el nombre del cine? (What is the name of the cinema?)
Cuál

4. In this exercise, you should use the correct word to ask questions. Here is a table with the most common Spanish wh-words:

Spanish English Usage
Cómo How way/manner
Qué What a thing
Cuál What/Which a specific thing / a choice
Cuándo When time
Dónde Where location
Por qué Why reason/explanation
Quién Who a person

¿Cuándo van las personas a ver películas muy tarde por la noche? (When do people go to watch movies very late at night?)
Cuándo

5. In this exercise, you should use the correct word to ask questions. Here is a table with the most common Spanish wh-words:

Spanish English Usage
Cómo How way/manner
Qué What a thing
Cuál What/Which a specific thing / a choice
Cuándo When time
Dónde Where location
Por qué Why reason/explanation
Quién Who a person

¿Dónde está el cine? (Where is the cinema?)
Dónde

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 186

1. In this part of the exercise, you should look at the picture of a park and make four questions related to it.
Tip: Use all the vocabulary and wh-words you have learned so far to make questions.
¿Cuántas personas hay en el parque? (How many people are in the park?)
¿Qué hacen las personas en el parque? (What are the people in the park doing?)
¿Cómo es la arquitectura del parque? (What is the architecture of the park like?)
¿Dónde es el parque? (Where is the park?)

2. In this part of the exercise, you should ask the questions from the previous part to another student.
Below are the answers you may expect.
Q: ¿Cuántas personas hay en el parque? (Q: How many people are in the park?)
A: Hay aproximadamente trenta pesonas en el parque. (A: There are approximately thirty people in the park.)
Q: ¿Qué hacen las personas en el parque? (Q: What are the people in the park doing?)
A: Las pesonas sientan o pasean en el parque. (A: The people are sitting or walking in the park.)
Q: ¿Cómo es la arquitectura del parque? (Q: What is the architecture of the park like??)
A: La arquitectura del parque es simple y bella. (A: The architecture of the park is simple and pretty.)
Q: ¿Dónde es el parque y cómo se llama? (Q: Where is the park?)
A: El parque es en San Juan, Puerto Rico y se llama Parque de las Palomas. (A: The park is in San Juan, Puerto Rico and it is called Parque de las Palomas (park of the pigeons).)*
*la paloma – pigeon

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 186

1. In this exercise, you should talk with three classmates about the activities you do on the weekends.
Since the activities are a matter of personal preferences, use the dialogue below as a reference.
A — ¿Adónde vas los fines de semana? ( A — Where do you go on weekends?)
B — Voy a la playa / al cine / al gimnasio / a mi clase de español / etc. (put an activity you do) ( B — I go to the beach / to the cinema / to the gym / to my Spanish class / etc.)
A — Con quién vas? (A — Who do you go with?)
B — various options
Voy con mis amigos / con mis padres / con Ana y Marcos / etc. (name a person you go with) (I go with my friends / with my parents / with Ana and Marcos / etc.)
Voy solo / sola. (solo refers to males, sola refers to females) *(I go alone.) *

2. In this part of the exercise, you should write full sentences that summarize the dialogues from the previous part.
Again, since the answers are personal, use the sentences below as a reference.
Yo voy a la playa con mis amigos. (I go to the beach with my friends.)
Jorge va al cine con Ana y Marcos. ( Jorge goes to the cinema with Ana and Marcos.)
Laura va al gimnasio sola. (Laura goes to the gym alone.)
Luis va a la playa con sus padres. (Luis goes to the beach with his parents.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 187

1. In this exercise, you should read the text on Puerto Rico and answer the questions related to it.
San Juan es la capital de Puerto Rico desde 1521. (San Juan is the capital of Puerto Rico from 1521.)
To calculate how long San Juan has been the capital of Puerto Rico, subtract the year 1521 from today’s year:
[today’s year ] – 1521 = result

2. In this exercise, you should read the text on Puerto Rico and answer the questions related to it.
Cristóbal Colón llega a Puerto Rico durante su segunda visita a las Américas en 1493. (Christopher Columbus arrives in Puerto Rico on his second voyage to the Americas in 1493.)

3. In this exercise, you should read the text on Puerto Rico and answer the questions related to it.
Los españoles construyen El Morro para combatir los ataques de los piratas ingleses y franceses. (The Spaniards build El Morro to combat the attacks of English and French pirates.)

4. In this exercise, you should read the text on Puerto Rico and answer the questions related to it.
Cuando visitas La Catedral de San Juan, vas a ver muchas obras de arte y los restos de Juan Ponce de León. (When you visit the cathedral of San Juan, you will see many works of art and the remains of Juan Ponce de León.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 187

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4(Comprendes?) Answers Page 189

1. In this exercise, you have to answer the question, according to the information given above.
You read:
If you are in the city from January 9 to February 2, what activities can you do?
An answer can be:
En estos días podrias hacer las siguientes actividades:
Ir a un concierto de música andina. Go to an Andean music concert.
Hacer una clase de yoga. Take a yoga class.
Ir a una noche de Jazz. Go to a jazz night.
Tomar una clase de repostería. Take a baking class.

2. Events that require signing up in advance are:
clase de yoga (yoga class)
clase de respostería (pastries class)
Events that don’t require signing up in advance are:
música andina (Andean music)
sábado flamenco (Saturday flamenco)

3. In this exercise, you have to answer the question, according to the information given above.
You read:
What day would be best to take your sister?
An answer can be:
El mejor día para llevarla es el sábado 16 a las 2:00 de la tarde, o el día domingo 17 a las 2:00 de la tarde. The best day to wear it is Saturday the 16th at 2:00 pm, or Sunday the 17th at 2:00 pm.

4. In this exercise, you have to answer the question, according to the information given above.
You read:
According to the interests of these kids, which event do they go to?
Raquel: I like to exercise a lot.
Roberto: I love cakes.
Teresa: I study dance. I take lessons every Thursday.
Alejandro: I like to listen to music, all kinds of music.
An answer can be:
Raquel: Puede practicar clase de yoga. She can practice yoga class.
Roberto: Puede hacer la clase de repostería. He can take the baking class.
Teresa: Puede ir al Sábado de flamenco. She can go to the flamenco class on Saturday.
Alejandro: Puede ir el lunes al concierto de música andina. He can go to the Andean music concert on Monday.

5. In this exercise, you have to answer this question.
You read:
Which activity is more interesting for you?
An answer can be:
Para mí la actividad más interesante es la música andina, porque son sonidos nuevos para conocer. For me the most interesting activity is Andean music, because they are new sounds to get to know.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4(Preparacion) Answers Page 195

1. In this exercise you are given a listening task for you to prepare for an exam. You must imagine you listened a dialogue between two friends and answer the given questions.
Firstly, you must say which one of the friends or whether both of them are going to the place they agreed on.
Secondly, you must say the place to which they are going. In this case, you can use the verb ir.
ir a la/ir al(a + el) go to the…
Ellos van a la playa They go to the beach.
Thirdly, you have to say when they are going to the agreed place. In this case, you have to use the vocabulary studied that refers to time frequency.
después, afterwards. después(de), after. los fines de semana, on weekends. los lunes, los martes, on Mondays, on Tuesdays.

2. In this exercise, you are asked to write at least three sentences about what you plan to do on the weekend.
Since your plans are a personal matter, use the sentences below as a reefrence.
Voy al gimnasio solo(a). (I go to the gym alone.)
Voy al cine con mis amigos. (I go to the cinema with my friends.)
Voy al campo con mis padres. (I go to the countryside with my parents.)

3. In this exercise, you should read the person’s planner who forgot it. Then, describe the person and say if you agree or not with the statements.
This is the plan for two days:
Martes (Tuesday):
6 AM breakfast
4 PM piano lesson
5 PM work
8:30 PM aerobics class
Jueves (Thursday):
3:30 PM gym
4:30 PM swimming pool
6 PM work
8 PM library
Based on the plans, we can deduce that the person is active and likes sports.
Do you agree or not?
a) The person is very lazy. b) The person is athletic. c) The person likes to go shopping.
Estoy de acuerdo que la persona es atlética. No estoy de acuerdo con otras dos declaraciónes. (I agree that the person is athletic. I don’t agree with the other two statements.)

4. This exercise aims to help you practice writing. You should write a short and simple note to a friend telling them where you are going after school and when you are going home.
Since where you go is a personal matter, use the note below as a reference.
Después de los clases, voy al cine con mis amigos a ver una película. Llego a casa a los 9 PM. (After classes, I go to the cinema with my friends to watch a movie. I get home at 9 PM.)

5. In this exercise, you should describe a traditional game from a Spanish-speaking country and compare it to your favorite childhood game.
Here’s a children’s song that combines Spanish, math, and a simple exercise like jumping over a board. It’s called ‘Brinca la tablita’ (Jump Over the Board.)
Place a long narrow board on the floor. The board should have numbers on the sides. You can also make one on a floor using washi tape or draw one on the street with chalk.
Jump with your feet together from one side of the board to the other and from one end of the board to another.
As you are jumping, you or your friend should sing the song ‘Brinca la tablita’ in Spanish.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 201

1. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and check for understanding. You should answer who is saying the statement.
Person: I don’t know how to dance well.
Javier no sabe bailar bien. (Javier doesn’t know how to dance well.)
Javier says he’s not good at dancing in dialogue number 7.
Javier

2. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and check for understanding. You should answer who is saying the statement.
Person: I need to practice more.
Javier necesita practicar más. (Javier needs to practice more.)
Javier says he has to practice more in dialogue number 2.
Javier

3. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and check for understanding. You should answer who is saying the statement.
Person: I need to drink something after playing soccer.
Elena neecsita beber algo después de jugar al fútbol. (Elena needs to drink something after playing soccer.)
Elena suggests she and her friends go for a drink because she is thirsty in dialogue number 3.
Elena

4. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and check for understanding. You should answer who is saying the statement.
Person: I play volleyball at six.
Elena juega al vóleibol a las seis. (Elena plays volleyball at six.)
Elena says she plays volleyball at six in dialogue number 4.
Elena

5. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and check for understanding. You should answer who is saying the statement.
Person: I go to party at nine.
Ana, Elena, Ignacio y Javier van a la fiesta a las nueve. (Ana, Elena, and Ignacio go to a party at nine.)
From dialogues number 5, 6, and 7, we deduce that all friends have agreed to go to a party. Ana is the one that says that the party is at nine in dialogue number 6.
Ana, Elena, Ignacio y Javier

6. In this exercise, you should read the dialogues and check for understanding. You should answer who is saying the statement.
Person: I am tired.
Ignacio está cansado. (Ignacio is tired.)
Ignacio says he is tired in dialogue number 3.
In the same dialogue, Elena also says she is tired, but the adjective “cansado” (tired) refers to a male person, and, therefore, cannot refer to Elena, who is a female. If it referred to Elena, the adjective would be “cansada.”
Ignacio

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 202

1. In this exercise, you should look at the sports pictures in your book and write whether you know or don’t know how to play that sport.
Positive:
Sé jugar al básquetbol muy bien. (I know how to play basketball very well.)
Negative:
No sé jugar al básquetbol. (I know how to play basketball.)

2. In this exercise, you should look at the sports pictures in your book and write whether you know or don’t know how to play that sport.
Positive:
Sé jugar al fútbol americano muy bien. (I know how to play American football very well.)
Negative:
No sé jugar al fútbol americano. (I know how to play American football.)

3. In this exercise, you should look at the sports pictures in your book and write whether you know or don’t know how to play that sport.
Positive:
Sé jugar al vóleibol muy bien. (I know how to play volleyball very well.)
Negative:
No sé jugar al vóleibol. (I know how to play volleyball.)

4. In this exercise, you should look at the sports pictures in your book and write whether you know or don’t know how to play that sport.
Positive:
Sé jugar al tenis muy bien. (I know how to play tennis very well.)
Negative:
No sé jugar al tenis. (I know how to play tennis.)

5. In this exercise, you should look at the sports pictures in your book and write whether you know or don’t know how to play that sport.
Positive:
Sé jugar al golf muy bien. (I know how to play golf very well.)
Negative:
No sé jugar al golf. (I know how to play golf.)

6. In this exercise, you should look at the sports pictures in your book and write whether you know or don’t know how to play that sport.
Positive:
Sé jugar al fútbol muy bien. (I know how to play soccer very well.)
Negative:
No sé jugar al fútbol. (I know how to play soccer.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 202

1. In this exercise, you should look at the pictures in your book and write whether you would like or not like to do that thing.
Positive:
Me gustaría ir a un concierto este fin de semana. (I would like to go to a concert this weekend.)
Negative:
No me gustaría ir a un concierto este fin de semana. (I would not like to go to a concert this weekend.)

2. In this exercise, you should look at the pictures in your book and write whether you would like or not like to do that thing.
Positive:
Me gustaría ir a un baile este fin de semana. (I would like to go to a dance this weekend.)
Negative:
No me gustaría ir a un baile este fin de semana. (I would not like to go to a dance this weekend.)

3. In this exercise, you should look at the pictures in your book and write whether you would like or not like to do that thing.
Positive:
Me gustaría jugar fútbol este fin de semana. (I would like to play soccer this weekend.)
Negative:
No me gustaría jugar fútbol este fin de semana. (I would not like to play soccer this weekend.)

4. In this exercise, you should look at the pictures in your book and write whether you would like or not like to do that thing.
Positive:
Me gustaría ir de cámping este fin de semana. (I would like to go camping this weekend.)
Negative:
No me gustaría ir de cámping este fin de semana. (I would not like to go camping this weekend.)

5. In this exercise, you should look at the pictures in your book and write whether you would like or not like to do that thing.
Positive:
Me gustaría ir de pesca este fin de semana. (I would like to go fishing this weekend.)
Negative:
No me gustaría ir de pesca este fin de semana. (I would not like to go fishing this weekend.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 202

1. To complete this exercise,, you should use the pictures of sports from the previous exercise and ask questions and say whether you know how to play that sport or not.
(i) basketball
A — ¿Sabes jugar al básquetbol? (Do you know how to play basketball?)
B — various options:
¡Por supuesto! Sé jugar al básquetbol muy bien. (I know how to play basketball very well.)
No, no sé jugar al básquetbol. (I know how to play basketball.)
(ii) American football
A — ¿Sabes jugar al fútbol americano? (Do you know how to play American football?)
B — various options:
¡Por supuesto! Sé jugar al fútbol americanomuy bien. (Of course! I know how to play American football very well.)
No, no sé jugar al fútbol americano. (I know how to play American football.)
(iii) volleyball
A — ¿Sabes jugar al vóleibol? (Do you know how to play volleyball?)
B — various options:
¡Por supuesto! Sé jugar al vóleibol muy bien. (Of course! I know how to play volleyball very well.)
No, no sé jugar al vóleibol. (I know how to play volleyball.)
(iv) tennis
A — ¿Sabes jugar al tenis? (Do you know how to play tennis?)
B — various options:
¡Por supuesto! Sé jugar al tenis muy bien. (Of course! I know how to play tennis very well.)
No, no sé jugar al tenis. (I know how to play tennis.)
(v) golf
A — ¿Sabes jugar al golf? (Do you know how to play golf?)
B — various options:
¡Por supuesto! Sé jugar al golf muy bien. (Of course! I know how to play golf very well.)
No, no sé jugar al golf. (I know how to play golf.)
(vi) soccer
A — ¿Sabes jugar al fútbol? (Do you know how to play soccer?)
B — various options:
¡Por supuesto! Sé jugar al fútbol muy bien. (Of course! I know how to play soccer very well.)
No, no sé jugar al fútbol. (I know how to play soccer.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 203

1. In this exercise, you should complete the sentences using the correct adjective and in the correct form.
Hint: Pay attention whether the person is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.
Felipe: Muy contento. Voy a un concierto… (Felipe: Vey happy. I’m going to a concert this evening with my friends.)
The adjective that fits the best in this sentence is contento (happy).
Felipe is a male, so the adjective gets an -o ending.
contento

2. In this exercise, you should complete the sentences using the correct adjective and in the correct form.
Hint: Pay attention whether the person is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.
Miguel: ¡Mal! Mi clase de ciencias es muy aburrida… (Miguel: Bad! My science class is very boring and I don’t like the professor at all.)
The adjective that fits the best in this sentence is mal (bad).
This adjective doesn’t undergo any changes depending on the gender of the speaker. The form of the adjective is always “mal”.
Mal

3. In this exercise, you should complete the sentences using the correct adjective and in the correct form.
Hint: Pay attention whether the person is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.
Marta: Estoy enferma. Me duele la cabeza. Hoy no puedo… (Marta: I am sick. My head hurts. Today I can’t play tennis nor roller skate.)
The adjective that fits the best in this sentence is enferma (sick).
Marta is a female, so the adjective gets an -a ending.
enferma

4. In this exercise, you should complete the sentences using the correct adjective and in the correct form.
Hint: Pay attention whether the person is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.’
Carlos: Estoy triste. Todos mis amigos van a la playa… (Carlos: I am sad. All my friends are going to the beach on Saturday, but I have to work.)
The adjective that fits the best in this sentence is triste (sad).
This adjective doesn’t undergo any changes depending on the gender of the speaker. The form of the adjective is always “triste”.
triste

5. In this exercise, you should complete the sentences using the correct adjective and in the correct form.
Hint: Pay attention whether the person is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.
Gabriela: Un poco cansada. Todas las noches trabajo… (Gabriela: A bit tired. Every night I work at a shopping mall.)
The adjective that fits the best in this sentence is cansada (tired).
Gabriela is a female, so the adjective gets an -a ending.
cansada

6. n this exercise, you should complete the sentences using the correct adjective and in the correct form.
Hint: Pay attention whether the person is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.
Dolores: Demasiado ocupada. Juego al básquetbol… (Dolores: Too busy. I play basketball after classes, I take piano lessons and practice every day, and I have a job as well.)
The adjective that fits the best in this sentence is ocupada (busy).
Dolores is a female, so the adjective gets an -a ending.
ocupada

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 203

1. In this exercise, you should ask your partner if he/she wants to do an activity you see on the picture of your book with you. Your partner should decline the invitation and offer an explanation why he/she can’t go.
Hint: Pay attention whether your partner is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.
Since your partner will give personal answers as to why he/she can’t go using different adverbs of quantity (muy, demasiado, un poco) and adjectives (ocupado, enfermo, cansado, triste,mal), use the dialogue below as a reference.
A — ¡Oye! ¿Quieres ir de pesca conmigo esta tarde? (Hey! Do you want to go fishing with me this afternoon?)
B — Lo siento. Hoy no puedo. Estoy muy ocupado(a). (I am sorry. Today I can’t. I am very busy.)

2. In this exercise, you should ask your partner if he/she wants to do an activity you see on the picture of your book with you. Your partner should decline the invitation and offer an explanation why he/she can’t go.
Hint: Pay attention whether your partner is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.
Since your partner will give personal answers as to why he/she can’t go using different adverbs of quantity (muy, demasiado, un poco) and adjectives (ocupado, enfermo, cansado, triste,mal), use the dialogue below as a reference.
A — ¡Oye! ¿Quieres jugar al básquetbol conmigo esta tarde? (Hey! Do you want to play basketball with me this afternoon?)
B — Lo siento. Hoy no puedo. Estoy un poco mal. (I am sorry. Today I can’t. I am a little bit sick.)

3. In this exercise, you should ask your partner if he/she wants to do an activity you see on the picture of your book with you. Your partner should decline the invitation and offer an explanation why he/she can’t go.
Hint: Pay attention whether your partner is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.
Since your partner will give personal answers as to why he/she can’t go using different adverbs of quantity (muy, demasiado, un poco) and adjectives (ocupado, enfermo, cansado, triste,mal), use the dialogue below as a reference.
A — ¡Oye! ¿Quieres ir a un centro comercial conmigo esta tarde? (Hey! Do you want to go to a shopping mall with me this afternoon?)
B — Lo siento. Hoy no puedo. Estoy un poco triste. (I am sorry. Today I can’t. I am a little bit sad.)

4. In this exercise, you should ask your partner if he/she wants to do an activity you see on the picture of your book with you. Your partner should decline the invitation and offer an explanation why he/she can’t go.
Hint: Pay attention whether your partner is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.
Since your partner will give personal answers as to why he/she can’t go using different adverbs of quantity (muy, demasiado, un poco) and adjectives (ocupado, enfermo, cansado, triste,mal), use the dialogue below as a reference.
A — ¡Oye! ¿Quieres andar en bicicleta conmigo esta tarde? (Hey! Do you want to ride bikes with me this afternoon?)
B — Lo siento. Hoy no puedo. Estoy demasiado cansado(a). (I am sorry. Today I can’t. I am too tired.)

5. In this exercise, you should ask your partner if he/she wants to do an activity you see on the picture of your book with you. Your partner should decline the invitation and offer an explanation why he/she can’t go.
Hint: Pay attention whether your partner is a male or a female because the adjective will have -o ending if it’s a male, and -a ending if it’s a female.
Since your partner will give personal answers as to why he/she can’t go using different adverbs of quantity (muy, demasiado, un poco) and adjectives (ocupado, enfermo, cansado, triste,mal), use the dialogue below as a reference.
A — ¡Oye! ¿Quieres jugar al fútbol conmigo esta tarde? (Hey! Do you want to play soccer with me this afternoon?)
B — Lo siento. Hoy no puedo. Estoy muy enfermo(a). (I am sorry. Today I can’t. I am very sick.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 204

1. In this exercise, you should look at the event shown on the picture of your book and tell at what time it takes place.
A — ¿A qué hora es el concierto? (At what time is the concert?)
B — A las nueve de la noche. (At nine at night.)

2. In this exercise, you should look at the event shown on the picture of your book and tell at what time it takes place.
A — ¿A qué hora es la fiesta? (At what time is the party?)
B — A las dos y media de la tarde. (At 2.30 in the afternoon.)

3. In this exercise, you should look at the event shown on the picture of your book and tell at what time it takes place.
A — ¿A qué hora es el partido de fútbol? (At what time is the soccer game?)
B — A la una y media de la tarde. (At 1.30 in the afternoon.)

4. In this exercise, you should look at the event shown on the picture of your book and tell at what time it takes place.
A — ¿A qué hora es el baile? (At what time is the dance?)
B — A las ocho y media de la noche. (At 8.30 in the evening.)

5. In this exercise, you should look at the event shown on the picture of your book and tell at what time it takes place.
A — ¿A qué hora es la cena? (At what time is dinner?)
B — A las siete y media de la noche. (At 7.30 in the evening.)

6. In this exercise, you should look at the event shown on the picture of your book and tell at what time it takes place.
A — ¿A qué hora es el desayno? (At what time is breakfast?)
B — A las siete de la mañana. (At seven in the morning.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 204

1. In this exercise, you should have a dialogue with a partner about going out to a place showed in the picture of your book and at what time it is.
A — ¿Te gustaría ir al baile el sábado? (Would you like to go to a dance on Saturday?)
B — ¿ A qué hora? (At what time?)
A — A las siete y media de la noche. (At half past seven in the evening.)
B — various options:
¡Genial! Nos vemos el sábado! (Great! See you on Saturday!)
¡Por supuesto! Me gustaría mucho. (Of course! I would really like to.)
¡Qué buena idea! ¡Gracias! (What a good idea! Thanks!)
Lo siento, pero no puedo. (I’m sorry, but I can’t.)
¡Ay! ¡Qué pena! Tengo que trabajar. (Oh! What a pity! I have to work.)

2. In this exercise, you should have a dialogue with a partner about going out to a place showed in the picture of your book and at what time it is.
A — ¿Te gustaría ir a la fiesta el sábado? (Would you like to go to a party on Saturday?)
B — ¿ A qué hora? (At what time?)
A — A las ocho y media de la noche. (At half past eight at night.)
B — various options:
¡Genial! Nos vemos el sábado! (Great! See you on Saturday!)
¡Por supuesto! Me gustaría mucho. (Of course! I would really like to.)
¡Qué buena idea! ¡Gracias! (What a good idea! Thanks!)
Lo siento, pero no puedo. (I’m sorry, but I can’t.)
¡Ay! ¡Qué pena! Tengo que trabajar. (Oh! What a pity! I have to work.)

3. In this exercise, you should have a dialogue with a partner about going out to a place showed in the picture of your book and at what time it is.
A — ¿Te gustaría ir al cine el sábado? (Would you like to go to the movies on Saturday?)
B — ¿ A qué hora? (At what time?)
A — A las cinco y media de la tarde. (At half past five in the afternoon.)
B — various options:
¡Genial! Nos vemos el sábado! (Great! See you on Saturday!)
¡Por supuesto! Me gustaría mucho. (Of course! I would really like to.)
¡Qué buena idea! ¡Gracias! (What a good idea! Thanks!)
Lo siento, pero no puedo. (I’m sorry, but I can’t.)
¡Ay! ¡Qué pena! Tengo que trabajar. (Oh! What a pity! I have to work.)

4. In this exercise, you should have a dialogue with a partner about going out to a place showed in the picture of your book and at what time it is.
A — ¿Te gustaría ir a la piscinia el sábado? (Would you like to go to the swimming pool on Saturday?)
B — ¿ A qué hora? (At what time?)
A — A la una de la tarde. (At one in the afternoon.)
B — various options:
¡Genial! Nos vemos el sábado! (Great! See you on Saturday!)
¡Por supuesto! Me gustaría mucho. (Of course! I would really like to.)
¡Qué buena idea! ¡Gracias! (What a good idea! Thanks!)
Lo siento, pero no puedo. (I’m sorry, but I can’t.)
¡Ay! ¡Qué pena! Tengo que trabajar. (Oh! What a pity! I have to work.)

5. In this exercise, you should have a dialogue with a partner about going out to a place showed in the picture of your book and at what time it is.
A — ¿Te gustaría jugar fútbol/ir a un partido de fútbol el sábado? (Would you like to play soccer/go to a soccer game on Saturday?)
B — ¿ A qué hora? (At what time?)
A — A las quatro y cuarto de la tarde. (At quarter past four in the afternoon.)
B — various options:
¡Genial! Nos vemos el sábado! (Great! See you on Saturday!)
¡Por supuesto! Me gustaría mucho. (Of course! I would really like to.)
¡Qué buena idea! ¡Gracias! (What a good idea! Thanks!)
Lo siento, pero no puedo. (I’m sorry, but I can’t.)
¡Ay! ¡Qué pena! Tengo que trabajar. (Oh! What a pity! I have to work.)

6. In this exercise, you should have a dialogue with a partner about going out to a place showed in the picture of your book and at what time it is.
A — ¿Te gustaría ir al centro comercial el sábado? (Would you like to go to a shopping mall on Saturday?)
B — ¿ A qué hora? (At what time?)
A — A las once de la mañana. (At eleven in the morning.)
B — various options:
¡Genial! Nos vemos el sábado! (Great! See you on Saturday!)
¡Por supuesto! Me gustaría mucho. (Of course! I would really like to.)
¡Qué buena idea! ¡Gracias! (What a good idea! Thanks!)
Lo siento, pero no puedo. (I’m sorry, but I can’t.)
¡Ay! ¡Qué pena! Tengo que trabajar. (Oh! What a pity! I have to work.)

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 205

1. In this exercise, you must answer the question using your own information.
In this case, you should say what time you like to go to the movie theater.
To answer the question correctly, you should review the content studied about telling the time in Spanish in the previous pages.
For example, if you want to be specific about an hour, you can say:
Me gusta ir al cine a la una. I like to go to the movie theater at one. Me gusta ir al cine a las ocho. I like to go to the movie theater at eight.
If you want to be more general and just say the part of the day, you can say:
Por la mañana in the morning Por la tarde in the afternoon Por la noche in the evening
Or simply combine both:
Me gusta ir a las ocho de la noche. I like to go at eight in the evening.

2. In this exercise, you must answer the question using your own information.
In this case, you must say when you feel happier, playing a sport or watching tv.
You may develop your answer using the vocabulary related to the topic. For example, sports like:
básquetbol, basketball fútbol, soccer rugby
You may say:
Me siento más contento practicando un deporte como por ejemplo el fútbol en la tarde…
I feel happier playing a sport such as soccer in the afternoon.

3. In this exercise, you must answer the question using your own information.
In this case, you must say what your favorite sport is.
Some sports you may choose to answer this question are:
básquetbol, basketball fútbol, soccer béisbol, baseball ráquetbol, raquetball rugby tennis

4. In this exercise, you must answer the question using your own information.
In this case, you must say if you have to work this weekend or you have time to meet with your friends.
You may develop your answer more by saying what you have to do specifically on the weekend.
For example, you may say:
Este fin de semana tengo que terminar las tareas pendientes de mi trabajo a medio tiempo. Luego puedo pasar tiempo con mis amigos en la noche.
This weekend I have to finish the tasks pending from my part-time job. Then I can spend time with my friends in the evening.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 206

1. In this exercise you have to describe what each member of the Ríos family is going to do this weekend.
In order to answer correctly, you need to follow the given model. It reads: Esteban is going to study at eight p.m.
First, you must pay attention to the pictures describing the activities they are doing. In this case, the picture shows a woman who is shopping.
Then, you must write the corresponding sentence. Remember to use the correct form of the verb ir + a + an infinitive.
In this case, you have to conjugate it to the third person, singular, in the simple present: va.
Angélica va a ir de compras a las tres y media de la tarde.

2. In this exercise you have to describe what each member of the Ríos family is going to do this weekend.
In order to answer correctly, you need to follow the given model. It reads: Esteban is going to study at eight p.m.
First, you must pay attention to the pictures describing the activities they are doing. In this case, the picture shows a volleyball match.
Then, you must write the corresponding sentence. Remember to use the correct form of the verb ir + a + an infinitive.
In this case, you have to conjugate it to the first person, singular, in the simple present: voy.
Yo voy a jugar voleibol a las cuatro de la tarde.

3. In this exercise you have to describe what each member of the Ríos family is going to do this weekend.
In order to answer correctly, you need to follow the given model. It reads: Esteban is going to study at eight p.m.
First, you must pay attention to the pictures describing the activities they are doing. In this case, the picture shows a soccer ball.
Then, you must write the corresponding sentence. Remember to use the correct form of the verb ir + a + an infinitive.
In this case, you have to conjugate it to the third person, plural, in the simple present: van.
Esteban y un amigo van a jugar fútbol a las diez de la mañana.

4. In this exercise you have to describe what each member of the Ríos family is going to do this weekend.
In order to answer correctly, you need to follow the given model. It reads: Esteban is going to study at eight p.m.
First, you must pay attention to the pictures describing the activities they are doing. In this case, the picture shows someone who is fishing.
Then, you must write the corresponding sentence. Remember to use the correct form of the verb ir + a + an infinitive.
In this case, you have to conjugate it to the third person, plural, in the simple present: van.
Angélica y el Sr. Ríos van a pescar a las siete de la mañana.

5. In this exercise you have to describe what each member of the Ríos family is going to do this weekend.
In order to answer correctly, you need to follow the given model. It reads: Esteban is going to study at eight p.m.
First, you must pay attention to the pictures describing the activities they are doing. In this case, the picture shows a restaurant.
Then, you must write the corresponding sentence. Remember to use the correct form of the verb ir + a + an infinitive.
In this case, you have to conjugate it to the third person, plural, in the simple present: van.
Los señores Ríos van a cenar a las siete y media de la noche.

6. In this exercise you have to describe what each member of the Ríos family is going to do this weekend.
In order to answer correctly, you need to follow the given model. It reads: Esteban is going to study at eight p.m.
First, you must pay attention to the pictures describing the activities they are doing. In this case, the picture shows a movie theater.
Then, you must write the corresponding sentence. Remember to use the correct form of the verb ir + a + an infinitive.
In this case, you have to conjugate it to the first person, plural, in the simple present: vamos.
Angélica, Esteban y yo vamos al cine a las ocho de la noche.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 207

1. In this exercise, you are asked to stablish a dialogue with another student like if you were talking on the phone and inviting him or her to go out with you. Your partner must reject the invitation.
To answer this exercise correctly, you should follow the sample model of a possible dialogue. It reads:
A: Hello Sara, it’s Rosa. Do you want to play tennis with me this afternoon? B: I’m sorry. I can’t today. I’m going to study for my Englsh class. A: Oh! What a pity!
Notice that in the dialogue, there are certain highlighted expressions. The first one is jugar al tenis. That is for you to take into account the use of the verb jugar when talking about sports.
The second one is the time expression esta tarde, this afternoon used to say when you are going to do something. You may use other expressions in your dialogue like:
esta mañana this morning esta noche this evening mañana tomorrow el fin de semana on the weekend
The third one is estudiar para la clase de Inglés. Here, you must take into account the use of ir plus the preposition a plus the infinitive, to say what you are going to do. For example:
Voy a jugar fútbol mañana. I’m going to play soccer tomorrow.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 207

1. In this exercise you have to create a chart and include five activities that you are going to do. You also have to mention when you are going to do them, and the person you are going to do them with.
In the first column, you must mention what you are going to do, for example play the guitar.
In the second column, specify when, for example this afternoon.
Lastly, in the third column write the person you are doing that activity with, for example my friends.
Take into account that you must include different time expressions. For example:
Esta tarde this afternoon Esta noche tonight Mañana tomorrow El jueves on thursday El fin de semana on the weekend
Also, different activities you may include are:
Salir con amigos go out with friends Practicar deportes practice sports Cocinar la cena cook dinner Estudiar para un examen study for an exam Ver una obra de teatro go to a play

2. In this exercise you have to ask your partner what they are going to do these days.
In order to answer the exercise correctly, you need to follow the given model. It reads:
A: What are you going to do this afternoon? B: My friends and I are going to play the guitar.
While asking your partner you must include different time expressions like:
Esta tarde this afternoon Esta noche tonight Mañana tomorrow El jueves on Thursday El fin de semana on the weekend
Also, make sure you use the structure ir plus a plus the infinitive to talk about what you are going to do. For example:
Voy a salir a comer con mi familia. I’m going out to have dinner with my family.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 207

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 207

1. In this exercise, you must answer the question related to the advertisement presented on the right.
First, it is important to understand that the advertisement is promoting the uses of a mobile phone and trying to persuade people to purchase one.
In this question, you must say why having a mobile phone is so important.
According to the text, we could answer the question saying that:
Los teléfonos celulres se pueden usar para muchas cosas: hacer llamadas desde cualquier sitio, planear salidas con amigos, hacer compras de lo que desees, escuchar música, entre otras.
Cell phones can be used for many things: making calls from anywhere, planning outings with friends, shopping for whatever you want, listening to music, among others.

2. In this exercise, you must answer the question related to the advertisement presented on the right.
First, it is important to understand that the advertisement is promoting the uses of a mobile phone and trying to persuade people to purchase one.
In this case, you must say if you like talking on the phone. If the answer is yes, then specify with whom.
You may develop your answer saying the people you usually talk to on the phone and the common topics you speak. For example:
Me gusta hablar por teléfono, sobre todo con mi madre. Como estamos lejos, usualmente nos contamos en la noche cómo ha ido el día y sobre la familia.
I like to talk on the phone, especially with my mother. Since we are far away, we usually tell each other in the evening how the day went and about the family.

3. In this exercise, you must answer the question related to the advertisement presented on the right.
First, it is important to understand that the advertisement is promoting the uses of a mobile phone and trying to persuade people to purchase one.
In this case, you must give your opinion about whether it is right or wrong to use cellphones in a restaurant. Provide reasons to support your answer.
When you give your opnion, you may use phrases like:
Creo/pienso/considero que… I think that… Desde mi punto de vista/ perspectiva… from my point of view/ perspective
Possible answer:
Pienso que aunque los teléfonos celulares son muy útiles para mantenernos comunicados, su uso correcto o incorrecto depende del momento en que nos encontremos. Por ejemplo muchos restaurantes possen un menú en formato QR para los cuales sería necesario usar nuestros teléfonos. Por otro lado, sería una mala educación mantenernos mucho tiempo en él e ignorar a quienes están a nuestro alrededor.
I think that although cell phones are very useful to communicate, their correct or incorrect use depends on the moment in which we find ourselves. For example, many restaurants have a menu in QR format for which it would be necessary to use our phones. On the other hand, it would be bad manners to keep your attention on it for too long and ignore those around us.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 208

1. In this exercise, you must look at the image and say what sport that person is playing.
First, read the sample model to understand what you have to do. It reads:
Alex Rodríguez is playing baseball.
In this case, the image shows Sergio García playing golf.
Sergio García juega al golf.

2. In this exercise, you must look at the image and say what sport that person is playing.
First, read the sample model to understand what you have to do. It reads:
Alex Rodríguez is playing baseball.
In this case, the image shows Rebecca Lobo and Eduardo Nájera playing basketball.
Rebecca Lobo y Eduardo Nájera juegan al baloncesto.

3. In this exercise, you must look at the image and say what sport that person is playing.
First, read the sample model to understand what you have to do. It reads:
Alex Rodríguez is playing baseball.
In this case, the image shows Carlos Valderrama playing soccer.
Carlos Valderrama juega al fútbol.

4. In this exercise, you must look at the image and say what sport that person is playing.
First, read the sample model to understand what you have to do. It reads:
Alex Rodríguez is playing baseball.
In this case, the image shows Sammy Sosa and Edgardo Alfonzo playing baseball.
Sammy Sosa y Edgardo Alfonzo juegan al béisbol.

5. In this exercise, you have to answer the following question.
You read:
And you and your friends, what do you and your friends play?
An answer can be:
Mis amigos y yo jugamos al fútbol. My friends and I play soccer.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 209

1. In this exercise, you are asked to play a game to practice the content studied about sports.
Hee, you have to draw in a sheet of paper a specific sport without letting the others see your choice.
Then, write if you can play it very well muy bien, well bien, or bad, mal.
For example, you may draw a net to represent volleyball or a racket in the case of tennis.

2. In this exercise, you are asked to play a game with your classmates to practice the content studied about sports.
Here, you must put all the cards, that each of you draw with a sport, face down.
Then, pick one of the sheets and start to ansk others how well they can play that sport in order to find out who drew it.
To ask other how well they play a specific sport, use the sample model of a dialogue as a guide:
A: Enrique, do you play tennis well? B: No, I play tennis very bad.

3. In this exercise, you are asked to collect all the information of your classmates that you obtained from the game and write sentences about how well they play a specific sport.
First, you are provided an example of how you should write the sentences. It reads:
Óscar and Nacho play soccer very well. Teresa and I play golf well.
Some sports you may include are:
Béisbol baseball Baloncesto basketball Voleibol volleyball Tenis tennis Hockey hockey Rugby rugby Ráquetbol racketball
Remember to use the verb jugar to talk about playing a sport.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 209

1. In this exercise, you must answer the questions according to the information in the text.
In this case, you must say what Iván Zamorano’s dream is.
According to the first paragraph in the text, the sportsman Iván Zamorano wanted to make sports in his city available to everyone, with the highest quality teachers and classes.
Possible answer:
El deportista Iván Zamorano quería que el deporte en su ciudad estuviera al alcance de todos, con profesores y clases de máxima calidad.

2. In this exercise, you must answer the questions according to the information in the text.
In this case, you must mention the different sports that people can play in Iván´s sports complex.
According to the text, people can attend to soccer, tennis and hockey lessons.
Fútbol, tenis y hockey.

3. In this exercise, you must answer the questions according to the information in the text.
In this case, you must say the day and the hour that enrollment in the school starts.
Acording to the text, people can enroll at the school on March, 23 at 8
March, 23 at 8

4. In this exercise, you must answer the questions according to the information in the text.
In this case, you must say the day and the time that the activities offered by the school start.
According to the text, the start date is in the first of April at two in the afternoon.
April, 1 at two in the afternoon.

5. In this exercise, you must answer the questions according to the information in the text.
In this case, you are asked to say if the sports complex of Iván Zamorano is a place you would be interested in. Provide reasons to support your answer.
Possible answer:
Considero que soy una persona que le apasiona el fútbol. Por eso, sí me gustaría visitarlo y poder llevar a mi familia. Lo disfrutaría mucho.
I consider myself a person who is passionate about soccer. So, yes, I would like to visit and bring my family. I would enjoy it very much.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 211

1. In this exercise, you have to answer the following personal question.
You read:
Who would you like to go to a party with? Why?
An answer to guide you is:
Me gustaría ir a una fiesta con mi amiga Carmen, porque ella es muy divertida y la pasaríamos super bien. I would like to go to a party with my friend Carmen, because she is a lot of fun and we would have a great time.

2. In this exercise, you have to answer the following personal question.
You read:
What do you prefer, going fishing or going to a dance?
An answer to guide you is:
Yo prefiero ir de pesca, me gusta estar en contacto con la naturaleza. I prefer to go fishing, I like to be in contact with nature.

3. In this exercise, you have to answer the following personal question.
You read:
What are you doing tomorrow night at eight o’clock?
An answer to guide you is:
Mañana a las ocho de la noche voy a estar cenando con mi familia. Tomorrow night at eight o’clock I will be having dinner with my family.

4. In this exercise, you have to answer the following personal question.
You read:
What are you doing this weekend?
An answer to guide you is:
Este fin de semana voy a acampar con mis amigos en el bosque. This weekend I’m going camping with my friends in the woods.

5. In this exercise, you have to answer the following personal question.
You read:
Would you like to watch a soccer game or go to a concert?
An answer to guide you is:
Me gustaría ir a un concierto, porque me gusta mucho la música. I would like to go to a concert, because I really like music.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4 Answers Page 211

1. In this exercise, you have to read the following information, pay close attention because you have to use this information to answer the following questions.
You read:
What is the distance in miles between Barcelona and Camping Playa Tropicana?
Note: To convert kilometers to miles, you have to divide kilometers by 1.6.
An answer can be:
La distancia entre Barcelona y Cámping Playa Tropicana es de 150 millas. The distance between Barcelona and Camping Playa Tropicana is 150 miles.
You read:
How far is it from Castellón to Camping Playa Tropicana?
An answer can be:
La distancia entre Castellón y el Cámping Playa Tropicana es de 52 kilómetros ó 32, 5 millas. The distance between Castellón and Camping Playa Tropicana is 52 kilometers or 32.5 miles.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4(Comprendes?) Answers Page 213

1. Facts about Sergio: Sergio started playing golf at three years old.
Sergio plays for the Club de Campo del Mediterraneo in Borriol, Castellon.
His father Victor is a professional golfer.
He is the youngest golfer to compete in the PGA championship since Gene Sarazen in 1921.
His nickname is “The Boy.”
He played the tournament of the European Circuit of Professionals at fifteen years old.
At the age of seventeen he wins his first professional tournament.
He is a very talented Spanish male golfer.
Facts about Lorena:
Lorena is considered the best golfer in Mexico.
She started playing golf when she was six years old.
At twenty one years old she won her first tournament.
Lorena attended the University of Arizona.
Lorena was the only Mexican to qualify for the U.S. Women’s Open.
She says it is very important to practice and train every day.
Lorena won 3 tournaments between 2004 and 2005.
She wants to be the number one golfer in the world.
Facts about both Sergio and Lorena:
Both are considered to be among the best golfers in the world.
Both are Spanish.
Both started playing golf when they were children.
They both have won major tournaments.
Hechos sobre Sergio: Sergio comenzó a jugar al golf a los tres años.
Sergio juega para el Club de Campo del Mediterraneo en Borriol, Castellón.
Su padre Victor es un golfista profesional.
Es el golfista más joven en competir en el campeonato de la PGA desde Gene Sarazen en 1921.
Su apodo es “The Boy”.
Jugó el torneo del Circuito Europeo de Profesionales a los quince años.
A la edad de diecisiete años gana su primer torneo profesional.
Él es un golfista masculino español muy talentoso.
Hechos sobre Lorena:
Lorena es considerada la mejor golfista de México.
Ella comenzó a jugar al golf cuando tenía seis años.
A los veintiún años ganó su primer torneo.
Lorena asistió a la Universidad de Arizona.
Lorena fue la única mexicana en calificar para el Abierto de Mujeres de U.S. Women’s Open.
Ella dice que es muy importante practicar y entrenar todos los días.
Lorena ganó 3 torneos entre 2004 y 2005.
Ella quiere ser la golfista número uno en el mundo.
Datos sobre Sergio y Lorena:
Ambos se consideran entre los mejores golfistas del mundo.
Ambos son españoles
Ambos comenzaron a jugar golf cuando eran niños.
Ambos han ganado grandes torneos.

Realidades 1 Capitulo 4(Preparacion) Answers Page 219

1. In this exercise, you have to practice the grammatical content studied in previous lessons to say when and where to meet someone.
In this case, you are given an imaginary situation in which you have just heard a voice message from a friend and you must say what place she is inviting you to go with her, the time you are supposed to leave, and what she is going to do there.
To answer this exercise, remember to use the verb ir plus the preposition a plus the infinitive to say what your friend is going to do. For example:
Ella va a jugar al tenis este fin de semana en el parque. She is going to play tennis this weekend in the park.
Also, try to use time expressions like the ones studied in the book to say when you are going to do something.
esta tarde this afternoon esta mañana this morning esta noche this evening mañana tomorrow el fin de semana on the weekend

2. In this exercise, you have to work in pairs. One of you will extend an invitation and the other will reject it because you have other plans to do. Then, change roles.
To answer this exercise correctly, you should review the content about extending, accepting, and rejecting an invitation.
First, let´s see some common phrases to extend an invitation.
Quieres…? Do you want to… Te gustaría…? Would you like to…
According to the content studied in the book, to reject an invitation you may use phrases like:
Lo siento, pero no puedo. I´m sorry but I can´t. ¡Ay qué pena! pero tengo que ir a otro lugar. Oh, what a pity, but I have to go somewhere else.
Also, you may provide more personal reasons like saying how you feel. For example, muy very/ demasiado too/ un poco a little:
enfermo sick triste sad mal bad ocupado busy cansado tired
Possible dialogue:
A: ¡Oye! ¿Te gustaría ir a jugar fútbol conmigo mañana? B: Lo siento, pero no puedo. Estoy ocupado mañana. Voy de viaje con unos amigos. Qué tal la semana próxima? A: Me parece bien. Nos vemos entonces.
A: Hey, would you like to go play soccer with me tomorrow? B: I’m sorry, but I can’t. I’m busy tomorrow. I’m going on a trip with some friends. How about next week? A: It’s fine with me. See you then.

3. In this exercise, you have to imagine you found three notes under your desk. Read them carefully and say the reasons why people rejected the invitation.
The first note is about someone that must study for an exam.
Therefore, a correct answer for the first note would be:
Tiene que estudiar para un examen. He or she has to study for an exam.
In the second note, the person is going camping.
Therefore, a correct answer for the second note would be:
Tiene que ir de camping. He or she has to go camping..
Finally, in the third note, the person is playing a volleyball game at seven thirty.
Therefore, a correct answer for the third note would be:
Tiene que jugar un partido de fútbol. He has to play a soccer game.

4. In this exercise, you must write to the parents of the children that are participating in your after-school program and tell them at least three activities included there.
First, to answer this exercise correctly, you must start saying:
¡Hola! Esta semana… Hello! This week…
Then, mention the activities to be done using the grammatical structure of the verb ir plus a plus the infinitive to talk about what the children are going to do. :
For example:
Esta semana, los niños van a hacer manualidades el primer día. En la tarde del segundo día algunos van a jugar fútbol y otros van a participar en el taller de lectura.
This week, the children will do arts and crafts on the first day. On the afternoon of the second day, some of them will play soccer and others will participate in the reading workshop.

5. In this exercise, you must work individually and reflect on the given questions.
First, think about the activities that you usually do with your friends after school for example, you may say:
Jugar baloncesto, fútbol, ajedrez… Playing basketball, soccer, chess… Ir al parque, a la biblioteca… Go to the park, to the library…
Then, think if the activities you do are school-related and compare it to the ones that Hispanic teens do.

Realidades 1 Textbook Answers

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *