¿Qué es un predicado nominativo? Ejemplos, consejos y prueba

¿Qué es un predicado nominativo? Ejemplos, consejos y prueba

What is a predicate nominative?

Un predicado nominativo es una palabra o un grupo de palabras que identifica al sujeto de una oración y lo renombra. Viene después de un verbo de enlace.

NOTA: un predicado nominativo es un tipo de complemento de sujeto. Un complemento de sujeto identifica al sujeto y completa su significado usando un sustantivo o un adjetivo.

Para poder identificar un predicado nominativo en una oración, debes conocer los verbos de enlace que tenemos en inglés.

A list of linking verbs in English

TO BE

TO BE: is, am, are, was, were, may be, might be,
should be, would be, can be, could be, must be, will be, shall be,

BEING: is being, am being, are being, was being, were being, has been, have been, had been,

BEEN: may have been, must have been, could have, should have been,
will have been, shall have been, might have been

To be form of verbs

TO SEEM seem, seems, seemed
TO LOOK look, looks, looked
TO FEEL feel, feels, felt
TO SOUND sound, sounds, sounded
TO TASTE taste, tastes, tasted
TO SMELL smell, smells, smelt
TO STAY stay, stays, stayed
TO BECOME become, becomes, became
TO GO go, goes, went, gone
TO REMAIN remain, remains, remained
TO TURN turn, turns, turned
TO GET get, gets, got
TO APPEAR appear, appears, appeared

A list of linking verbs

Examples of predicate nominative

  • Jon Jones is my favorite fighter.

Subject = Jon Jones
Linking verb = is
Predicate nominative = my favorite fighter (giving a name to the subject)
Jon Jones = my favorite fighter

  • Alicia was my girlfriend in college.

Subject = Alicia
Linking verb = was
Predicate nominative = my girlfriend (giving a name to the subject)
Alicia = my girlfriend

More examples:-

  • You have been an amazing friend.
  • We can be friends.
  • Conor will be a cricketer soon.
  • Life is a mystery.
  • Susan must be the captain of the team.
  • I could have been the first man to walk on water and fly in the air.
  • Mohit was not a solid fighter. He was nobody when he entered into the fighting game.
  • Your experience is your best friend. It never leaves you.

In these examples, the predicate nominative is a noun or a noun phrase. But a predicate nominative can also be a noun clause.

Predicate nominative as a noun clause

Generalmente, un predicado nominativo es un sustantivo o una frase nominal, pero también puede ser una cláusula nominal. Aquí hay algunos ejemplos de un predicado nominativo como una cláusula nominal:

  • The award is that you get a chance to go to London with your family.
  • Your problem is that you don’t listen to anyone.
  • His crush is whom you are looking at.
  • The loser is whoever takes more than 20 minutes to finish this task.

Predicate nominative and predicate adjective

¡No confundas un predicado adjetivo con un predicado nominativo!

Lo que viene después de un verbo de enlace no siempre es un predicado nominativo; puede ser un adjetivo predicativo (un complemento de sujeto). Un adjetivo predicativo es un adjetivo o una frase adjetiva que viene después de un verbo de enlace y modifica el sujeto de una oración.

Examples:

  • You have been very helpful. (nominative adjective)
  • You have been a great teacher. (nominative nominative)
  • She may be nervous right now. (nominative adjective)
  • She may be our best choice. (nominative nominative)
  • Jane is beautiful. (nominative adjective)
  • Jane is a beautiful singer. (nominative nominative)

Predicate nominative as a gerund or an infinitive

Un gerundio o un infinitivo también pueden funcionar como un predicado nominativo ya que tanto los gerundios como los infinitivos funcionan como un sustantivo.

  • My love is teaching English. (The predicate nominative is a gerund phrase: teaching English)
  • His passion is to teach. (The predicate nominative is an infinitive: to teach)
  • The only thing he wants to do is singing. (The predicate nominative is a gerund: singing)
  • Her dream was to sing before A.R Rahman. (The predicate nominative is an infinitive phrase: to sing before A.R Rahman)

Note that both infinitives and gerunds function as nouns in English.

Compound predicate nominative

Un predicado nominativo puede ser un sustantivo compuesto: una combinación de dos o más sustantivos.

Examples:-

  • The goal was to buy that car, park it in front of her house, and give the keys to her. (giving a name to the subject ‘the goal‘)
  • His friendship is a blessing and a curse.
  • This job can be a turning point, a never-ending pain, or a blessing in disguise.

Predicate nominative as a pronoun

Cuando un predicado nominativo cambia el nombre del sujeto, generalmente es un sustantivo, pero también puede ser un pronombre. Cuando es un pronombre, algunas personas usan un pronombre subjetivo y otras usan un pronombre objetivo.

  • It was me who saved her.
  • It was I who saved her.

Now, which one is correct to use?

Un complemento de sujeto se refiere al sujeto, que solo puede ser un sustantivo o un pronombre subjetivo. Entonces, con esta lógica, deberíamos usar I. Pero la gente ha estado usando un pronombre objetivo (yo) en este caso durante tanto tiempo que casi se ha vuelto aceptable. Entonces, no hay perdedor; todos ganan

Sin embargo, debe tener en cuenta que un pronombre subjetivo en el caso es gramaticalmente correcto. Pero puedes usar cualquiera.

Subjective pronoun: I, we, you, he, she, it, they
Objective pronoun: me, us, you, him, her, it, us

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