Clase magistral de adjetivos posesivos

Clase magistral de adjetivos posesivos

Esta publicación nos ayuda a comprender qué es un adjetivo posesivo y cómo y cuándo usarlo correctamente en una oración.

What is an adjective?

Un adjetivo es una palabra, frase o cláusula que modifica un sustantivo o pronombre dando información sobre él.

What is a Possessive adjective?

Un adjetivo posesivo es una palabra que se sienta antes de un sustantivo y lo modifica hablando de su posesión (a quién pertenece). Estos son los adjetivos posesivos que tenemos en inglés:

my, your, his, her, our, their, its

Examples:

  • My application is doing great these days.
    The possessive adjective ‘my’ is modifying the noun ‘application’ and telling us who owns it. It is I who owns it.
  • Look at his face. He looks mad to me.
    Here, the adjective ‘his’ is modifying the noun ‘face’ and telling it belongs to.
  • Our parents have done so much for us.
    Here, the possessive adjective ‘our’ is referring to the possession of the noun ‘parents’. It is important to note that we don’t literally own our parents; it basically means that they are a part of us. They belong to us.
  • I won’t go to her place. I am scared of her dogs.
    In this sentence, the possessive adjective ‘her’ is modifying two nouns: place and dogs. The place and dogs belong to her.
  • They were not selected of their attitude.
    The adjective ‘their’ is referring to and modifying the noun ‘attitude’. It’s telling us who it belongs to; it’s they (referring to some people) who it belongs to.
  • I bought this bike last year. Its performance has been amazing.
    Here, ‘its’ is referring to the performance of the company.

More examples:

  • Don’t bring my family into this. They have nothing to do with it
  • Why are you looking into his bag? That’s not the right thing to do.
  • I love her, but I can’t tolerate her tantrums.
  • She will return your money in the evening.
  • We love what they did, but we don’t support their way of doing it.
  • Their parents won’t join the meeting. Let’s move on without them.
  • You can wear this sweater. Its wool feels very soft.
  • I know the car is quite old. But its engine is fresh and hasn’t been opened.

Key points

1. Possessive adjectives are different from possessive pronouns.
Tenga en cuenta que los pronombres posesivos no van seguidos de un sustantivo, y los adjetivos posesivos sí.

  • My job is not interesting. But yours is amazing. (possessive pronoun)
  • Your job is amazing. (possessive adjective)
  • This car is mine. Please don’t tow it. (possessive pronoun)
  • Please don’t tow my car. (possessive adjective)
Subjective pronoun Objective pronoun Possessive pronoun Possessive adjective
I me mine my
We us ours our
You you yours your
He him his his
She her hers her
It it often not used alone its
They them theirs their

2. Use the singular neutral possessive adjective ‘THEIR‘ instead of using ‘HIS/HER‘.

  • Every teacher needs to take responsibility for his class.
    The word ‘his’ is referring to the possession of the noun ‘teacher’. But using ‘his’ makes it clear that the noun is masculine, which we are not sure of as ‘teacher’ is a neutral noun. The gender of the noun is not clear. So, using ‘his’ makes the speaker a little sexist towards women. And if the speaker uses ‘her’ in place of ‘his’, they will be considered sexist towards men.
  • Every teacher needs to take responsibility for her class.
    Here, the speaker looks sexist towards men. The solution to this problem is the singular neutral possessive adjective ‘THEIR‘.
  • Every teacher needs to take responsibility for their class.

3. Don’t confuse ‘its‘ with ‘it’s‘.
La gente a menudo confunde el adjetivo posesivo ‘its’ con la expresión ‘it’s’. La expresión ‘it’s’ significa ‘es’. Debe confundirlo con ‘its’ ya que ‘it’s’ tiene un apóstrofe y un adjetivo posesivo no tiene un apóstrofe.

  • It’s raining outside. (it is)
  • You can buy this water cooler. Its price is quite economical. (possessive adjective)

Also, don’t confuse ‘their‘ with ‘they’re‘, and ‘your‘ with ‘you’re.
You’re = you are
They’re = they are

4. ‘ITS’ refers to the possession of a thing or an animal or pet.
No usamos ‘its’ para mostrar la posesión de una persona; se usa específicamente para mostrar la posesión de un objeto (cosa) o un animal.

  • I saw a person at the station. Its face was peculiar. ❌
  • I saw a person at the station. Their face was peculiar. ✅
  • I need your music system. Its base is just amazing. ✅

5. We can use another adjective or determiner after a possessive adjective.
Podemos usar otro adjetivo o determinante (funciona como adjetivo) después del adjetivo posesivo.

  • Look at his face.
  • Look at his sweet face.
  • Look at his swollen face.

FAQs

What are possessive adjectives in English?
Un adjetivo posesivo es una palabra que se sienta antes de un sustantivo y lo modifica hablando de su posesión (a quién pertenece). Estos son los adjetivos posesivos que tenemos en inglés: my, your, his, her, our, their, its

What is the difference between a possessive pronoun and a possessive adjective?
Los pronombres posesivos no van seguidos de un sustantivo, y los adjetivos posesivos sí.

How do you identify a possessive adjective?
Podemos identificar fácilmente un adjetivo posesivo. Le sigue un sustantivo. Ex: tu amigo, su auto, tu casa, etc. Además, ten en cuenta que podemos usar otro adjetivo entre el adjetivo posesivo y el sustantivo al que modifica. Ex: su amigo estadounidense, su auto pequeño, su casa costosa.

What are the 7 possessive pronouns?
Los 7 adjetivos posesivos son my, your, his, her, our, their y its.

What is a possessive adjective example?

  1. I love her, but I can’t tolerate her tantrums.
  2. She will return your money in the evening.
  3. We love what they did, but we don’t support their way of doing it.

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