¿Qué es un complemento de objeto? Una guía detallada gratuita

¿Qué es un complemento de objeto? Una guía detallada gratuita

What is an object complement?

Definición de complemento de objeto: Un complemento de objeto es una palabra o un grupo de palabras (frase) que viene después de un objeto directo, lo identifica y lo renombra o modifica (en qué estado se encuentra). Tenga en cuenta que un sustantivo como complemento de objeto cambia el nombre del objeto, y un adjetivo como complemento de objeto lo modifica.

NOTA: un complemento de objeto no puede existir en una oración si no tiene un objeto directo. Y un objeto directo solo puede estar allí en una oración si el verbo de acción es transitivo.

Object complement examples

  • The company just made Ron our team leader.
    (In this sentence, ‘our team leader’ is the object complement (noun phrase) that’s renaming the object ‘him’. Ron = our team leader )
  • Talking to Jane makes me happy.
    (Here, the object complement ‘happy’ is an adjective that’s modifying the object ‘me‘. Me = happy)

Nouns as object complement

  • Nobody considers him a singer.
  • We will name her Amayra.
  • She calls her husband doodoo.
  • The students elected him the class monitor.
  • You can’t call me your best friend.

In these examples, the object complement is either a noun or a noun phrase. But it can be a noun clause too.

I will call you whatever I want. (You = whatever I want)
The company will not make me what I want to be. (I = what I want to be)

Adjectives as object complement

  • Do you consider him single?
  • I consider Jon highly professional as he does not follow orders properly.
  • I found his room very messy.
  • They found us sleeping at work.
  • They found Jon dead.
  • Do you find me good-looking?
  • Sharing food makes Joe unhappy.
  • You proved me wrong again.
  • They colored the room yellow.

A list of Verbs that take object complements

  • find
  • make
  • name
  • consider
  • color
  • elect
  • declare
  • term
  • drive
  • get
  • knock
  • shoot
  • brand
  • term
  • certify
  • label

Examples:

  • This is driving me crazy.
  • Reading that book got him motivated to start his own business.
  • Jon knocked him unconscious.
  • The police shot him dead.
  • It’s unfair to label him incapable without looking at his capabilities.
  • The news channels have branded him a traitor already.
  • The students termed me the best English teacher.
  • Nobody was declared the winner in the match.
  • The doctors declared him dead.

NOTA: algunos verbos llevan “como” entre el objeto y el complemento del objeto.

  • They certified me as an English teacher.
  • His country labelled him as a traitor.
  • Are you branding me as a fighter here?
  • The company branded their product as the medicine for cancer.
  • Most doctors have declared Coronavirus as the most dangerous virus in history.

Don’t confuse a direct object with an object complement!

A veces, los estudiantes malinterpretan un objeto directo como un complemento de objeto. Ocurre cuando un verbo tiene dos objetos: objeto directo e indirecto.

Look at some examples of direct objects:

  • They gave me a car on my birthday.
  • I will bring you your favorite food.

En ambos ejemplos, el verbo tiene dos objetos: directo e indirecto. El objeto directo (en rojo) viene después del objeto indirecto (en negrita). Pero tenga en cuenta que el objeto directo no se refiere al objeto indirecto. Ellos (objetos directos e indirectos) no son la misma persona.

Por el contrario, un complemento de objeto (cuando es un sustantivo) identifica el objeto directo y lo renombra. Ambos son la misma persona o cosa.

  • They called me a gifted singer. (me = a gifted singer)
  • I will make you the caption of the team. (you = the caption of the team)

Subject complement vs Object complement

Un complemento de sujeto viene después de un verbo de enlace. Mientras que un complemento de objeto viene después de un objeto directo.

Examples:-

  • I am a teacher. (subject complement)
  • They made me a teacher. (object complement)

Practice exercise!

Averigüe el complemento de objeto en las siguientes oraciones (si las hay):

  1. We got him a beautiful gift.
  2. We got him upset.
  3. Jon made me his personal trainer.
  4. Jon made me white sauce pasta.
  5. She drove me crazy.
  6. Don’t call me a quitter.
  7. She is driving me to work.
  8. We painted the door red.
  9. His post fight interview made me upset.
  10. My friends got me some gifts.

Answers:

  1. No object complement
  2. upset
  3. his personal trainer
  4. No object complement
  5. crazy
  6. a quitter
  7. No object complement
  8. red
  9. upset
  10. No object complement

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