Verbos de enlace en inglés: ejemplos, consejos y lista
En esta publicación, aprendemos qué son los verbos de enlace y qué hacen en una oración.
What are linking verbs in English?
Definición de verbo de enlace: un verbo de enlace es un verbo principal que vincula el sujeto de una oración con su complemento (una palabra o un grupo de palabras que identifica al sujeto y lo renombra o modifica).
La palabra o un grupo de palabras que viene después de un verbo de enlace e identifica se llama complemento de sujeto.
Aquí hay una lista completa de verbos de enlace en inglés
Linking verbs list
To be form of verbs
|TO BE||TO BE: is, am, are, was, were, may be, might be, should be, would be, can be, could be, must be, will be, shall be,
BEING: is being, am being, are being, was being, were being
BEEN: has been, have been, had been, may have been, must have been, could have, should have been, will have been, shall have been, might have been
A list of link
|TO SEEM||seem, seems, seemed|
|TO LOOK||look, looks, looked|
|TO FEEL||feel, feels, felt|
|TO SOUND||sound, sounds, sounded|
|TO TASTE||taste, tastes, tasted|
|TO SMELL||smell, smells, smelt|
|TO STAY||stay, stays, stayed|
|TO BECOME||become, becomes, became|
|TO GO||go, goes, went, gone|
|TO REMAIN||remain, remains, remained|
|TO TURN||turn, turns, turned|
|TO GET||get, gets, got|
|TO APPEAR||appear, appears, appeared|
Linking verb examples
- You are a wonderful singer. (The linking verb ‘are’ is linking the subject ‘you’ to its complement a wonderful singer, which is giving the subject a name. You = a wonderful singer)
- Jon was sad last night. (The linking verb ‘was’ is connecting the subject ‘Jon’ with the subject complement ‘sad’. Jon = sad)
A linking verb is either followed by a noun (predicate nominative) or an adjective (predicate adjective).
More linking verbs examples
- I am really excited for the party.
- Akshay was the best bowler of our team.
- The teacher is upset with all the students.
- My friends are the best.
- You were the love of my life.
- Sam is being extremely polite to me.
- All the interviewers were being very rude to me.
- This year has been terrible for most people.
- Knowing how many skillful workers the company has lost, the employers have been very positive about the future.
- Jon had been very helpful in those days.
- You will be the mother of my baby in some time.
- We shall be happy to contribute to this amazing cause.
- Tina may be upset with you.
- This trip might be a failure.
- You must be a fighter. You look like one.
- The team should be satisfied with their performance as it was quite a historical win.
- If he didn’t come on time, I would be dead.
- Because of you, the party could be exciting.
- Jennifer could have been the lead actress of this movie.
- Max should have been more careful with the money he won in the lottery.
- Your family must have been disappointed with your results.
- Everyone seemed clueless when he announced his retirement.
- This jacket looks perfect on you.
- You look beautiful without makeup.
- The task seems difficult to solve.
- My mom appears mad at me.
- The food smells delicious.
- I felt terrible when they stranded the dog.
- If you put in the work, dreams come true.
- Jimmy stayed calm and composed even after getting a death threat.
- You must try this. It tasted extremely good.
- The crowd went silent after Virat lost his wicket.
- Even after losing his dream job, Max remained positive.
- Sometimes, we get demotivated when things don’t go the way we want them to go.
- He remained faithful to the company.
- Your story never falls true.
Linking verbs vs action verbs
Algunos verbos actúan como verbos de enlace y como verbos de acción. Aquí está la lista de verbos que pueden ser verbos de enlace y verbos de acción:
¿Cómo identificar si alguno de estos verbos funciona como un verbo de enlace o un verbo de acción en una oración?
Si un verbo funciona como un verbo de acción, va seguido de un sustantivo (objeto) o un adverbio o una frase preposicional. Ninguna de estas cosas se referirá al sujeto; serán diferentes del sujeto.
Pero si un verbo funciona como un verbo de enlace, será seguido por un sustantivo (predicado nominativo) o un adjetivo (predicado adjetivo). Y ambas cosas identificarán al sujeto; cambiarán el nombre del sujeto (sustantivo) o lo modificarán (adjetivo).
- He appeared before the court yesterday. (Action verb)
- He appeared lost before the court. (Linking verb)
- She looked at me in a weird way. (Action verb)
- She looked beautiful in that dress. (Linking verb)
- He smells his food before eating it. (Action verb)
- He smells nice today. (Linking verb)
- We go to new places every now and then. (Action verb)
- We go crazy after having some drinks. (Linking verb)
- The chef tasted the food himself. (Action verb)
- The food tasted delicious. (Linking verb)
- We stayed at his place last night. (Action verb)
- We stayed motivated even after losing the match. (Linking verb)
- I felt the pain in his voice. (Action verb)
- I felt helpless when I got lost in the forest. (Linking verb)
- He got some bonus money. (Action verb)
- He got emotional after hearing his sad story. (Linking verb)
- He turned the chair towards me. (Action verb)
- He turned violent as soon as he got fired. (Linking verb)
Linking verbs vs helping verbs
Todos los verbos ‘to be’ pueden funcionar como verbos de enlace y como verbos auxiliares.
Cuando los verbos ‘to be’ funcionan como verbos auxiliares, van seguidos de un verbo de acción, y cuando van seguidos de un sustantivo o un adjetivo.
- I am a teacher. (linking verb)
- I am working on something. (helping verb)
- Ron has been very loyal to me. (linking verb)
- Ron has been living here for years. (helping verb)
- You might be right. (linking verb)
- You might be sleeping. (helping verb)
- She could have been the lead actor. (linking verb)
- She could have been doing something at that time. (helping verb)
Don’t use an adverb after a linking verb!
No cometa el error de usar un adverbio después de un verbo de enlace.
- It tasted strongly. ❌
- It tasted strong. ✔️
- You smell nicely. ❌
- You smell nice. ✔️
NOTA: los adverbios no se usan justo después de los verbos de enlace, pero, a veces, se pueden usar antes de los verbos de enlace.
- You always look pretty.
- Jon never goes mad.
Using a pronoun after linking verbs
Cuando un complemento de sujeto cambia el nombre del sujeto, generalmente es un sustantivo, pero también puede ser un pronombre. Cuando un complemento de sujeto es un pronombre, algunas personas usan un pronombre subjetivo y otras usan un pronombre objetivo.
- It was me who called her.
- It was I who called her.
Un complemento de sujeto se refiere al sujeto, que solo puede ser un sustantivo o un pronombre subjetivo. Entonces, con esta lógica, deberíamos usar I. Pero la gente ha estado usando un pronombre objetivo en este caso durante tanto tiempo que casi se ha vuelto aceptable. Entonces, no hay perdedor; todos ganan
Subjective pronoun: I, we, you, he, she, it, they
Objective pronoun: me, us, you, him, her, it, us