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Clase magistral de objetos indirectos

Clase magistral de objetos indirectos

Esta publicación lo ayudará a comprender qué es un objeto indirecto y cómo identificarlo en una oración.

What is an indirect object in English?

Un objeto indirecto es una persona que recibe el objeto directo. Generalmente es una persona, pero también puede ser una cosa. Es importante tener en cuenta que los objetos indirectos no se pueden usar sin tener un objeto directo en la oración.

I gave my students some chocolates.

I gave what = my students (direct object)
Gave it to whom (who received the direct object) = some chocolates

The indirect object (my students) receives the direct object (some chocolates) in the sentence.

Jenny brings me flowers every day.

Debe quedar claro ahora que soy yo (Ashish) quien es el receptor del objeto directo (flores). Jerry trae flores para alguien. La persona que los recibe es el objeto indirecto del verbo.

Jenny brings what = flowers (direct object)
Jenny brings flowers for whom (who receives the flowers) = me (indirect object)

More examples:

1. Can you give us some money?

2. My mother reads my younger sister the same story at bedtime.

3. Let me get her something to eat.

4. You promised my father to give him the tickets.

5. I have taught Monu how to communicate effectively.

6. I won’t tell anyone my secrets.

7. I won’t sell them my house. It’s like my baby.

Verbs that take an indirect objects

  • Sell
  • Buy
  • Tell
  • Give
  • Pass
  • Bring
  • Buy
  • Teach
  • Read
  • Get
  • Sing
  • Hand
  • Lend
  • Send
  • Show
  • Cook
  • Book

How to identify an indirect object?

Un objeto indirecto responde a la pregunta ‘a quién’ o ‘para quién’. El verbo responde a cualquiera de las preguntas. Además, tenga en cuenta que un objeto indirecto se puede usar sin tener un objeto directo en una oración.

Examples:

I will give you my notes.
Give what = my notes (direct object)
Give it to whom = you (indirect object)

Could you please cook me something spicy.
Cook what = something spicy (direct object)
Cook it for whom = me (indirect object)

Did you say anything to us?
Said what = anything (direct object)
Said it to whom = us (indirect object)

I got all of you new shoes.
Got what = new shoes (direct object)
Got them for whom = all of you (indirect object)

Can an indirect object be a prepositional phrase?

Un objeto indirecto se puede reformular en una frase preposicional cambiando su posición. Esta frase preposicional comienza con ‘to’ o ‘for’.

El cambio de un objeto indirecto a una frase preposicional generalmente se hace cuando el indirecto es una frase larga o cuando desea separar ambos objetos usando una preposición. La preposición (to/for) establece la relación entre el objeto directo y el indirecto.

Examples:

  • I will give you all my money.
  • I will give all my money to you.

Situando primero el objeto directo y usando la preposición después y antes del objeto indirecto se aclara la relación entre ambos objetos. La preposición hace el trabajo aquí. Muestra claramente a quién va dirigido el objeto directo.

  • Could you give my friend this place for a week?
  • Could you give this place to my friend for a week?
  • She booked me the tickets.
  • She booked the tickets for me.
  • My father has bought my brother a beautiful watch.
  • My father has bought a beautiful watch for my brother.

NOTA: aquí, en oraciones donde el objeto indirecto se reposiciona en una frase preposicional, lo que viene después de la frase preposicional es el objeto de la preposición. Pero sabemos que en realidad es el objeto indirecto. Ahora, es el objeto de la preposición, no el objeto del verbo.

En el último ejemplo, mi hermano es el objeto indirecto del verbo ‘comprado’, y en la oración siguiente, es el objeto de la preposición para. Sabemos que en realidad es el objeto indirecto, pero gramaticalmente, no se puede llamar el objeto del verbo ya que viene después de una preposición.

Some verbs that take the prepositional ‘TO’ and the indirect object

Pass
Give
Read
Sell
offer
write
send
show
sing
teach
owe
Introduce

Introducir y decir son uno de los pocos verbos que siguen esta estructura solamente: sujeto + verbo + objeto directo + frase preposicional (a + objeto). El objeto indirecto con estos verbos no puede ir antes del objeto indirecto.

Subject verb direct object To + Indirect object (prepositional phrase)
I can’t sell my property to you.
They offered a job to me.
we don’t owe anything to this company.
Jim introduced me to her parents.
He said something very rude to us.

 

  • I want to say something to you. ✅
  • I want to say you something. ❌
  • I can’t introduce you to my family. ✅
  • I can’t introduce my family you. ❌

Verbs that take the prepositional ‘FOR’ and the indirect object

  • Get
  • Buy
  • Bring
  • Purchase
Subject verb direct object for + Indirect object (prepositional phrase)
She got some gifts for the kids.
I will buy something for you.
Jon brought many gifts for us.
My brother purchased a car for my mother.

What can be an indirect object?

Un objeto indirecto puede ser una palabra o una frase.

WORD

  • My mother reads me a story.
  • Did you give Rahul a bike?
  • Let’s get her something to eat.

PHRASE

  • Will you sing me and my friends a song?
  • They gifted my parents a phone.
  • The company willl give a laptop to every employee.
  • I gave your bag to the boy who came to my house with you in the morning.
  • I made all the boys of the batch a sandwich.
  • We have bought gifts for the kids living with Matty in the gurukul.

Cuando se trata de una frase larga, debemos colocar el indirecto después del objeto directo, en una frase preposicional.

If an indirect object is a personal pronoun, it should be an objective pronoun.

Subjective pronoun Objective pronoun
I me
You you
We us
They them
He him
She her
It it

Examples:

  • Will you give he this bottle?
  • Will you give him this bottle?
  • I got she everything she needed.
  • I got she everything she needed.

An indirect object is generally a person but can be a thing either.

Un objeto indirecto es generalmente una persona que recibe el objeto directo, pero puede ser una cosa.

Examples:

  • I will tell you everything.
  • I told the court everything I saw that day.
  • She got us a great deal.
  • She got the company a great deal.

Direct object vs Indirect object

Basis of difference Direct object Indirect object
Definition It is a person or a thing that receives an action directly. It is a person or a thing that receives an action directly.
Identification It answers the question ‘what’ or ‘whom‘. It answers the question ‘to whom’ or ‘for whom‘.
Dependence It can come in a sentence without an indirect object. It can’t come in a sentence without a direct object.
Structure 1. Subject + verb + direct object (without the indirect object)
2. Subject + verb + indirect object + direct object (with the indirect object)
1. Subject + verb + indirect object + direct object
2. Subject + verb + direct object + to/for + indirect object
Actor It can be a person or a thing. It is generally a person or a thing acting as a person/entity.
Examples 1. I can help you. (help whom = you)
2. She hit the ball out of the park. (hit what = the ball)
3. You can’t break this wall. (break what = this wall)
4. We love Ashish. (love whom = Ashish)
1. They brought me a gift. (brought it for whom = me)
2. She told the boys a great story. (told it to whom = the boys)
3. Read us this story. (read it to whom = us)
4. I offered his company a good proposal. (offered it to whom = his company)

Diferencia entre objeto directo e indirecto.

Ahora dominas con éxito lo que es un objeto indirecto. No te guardes el conocimiento para ti mismo; pasarlo a otros. Una de las formas de hacerlo es compartir la publicación.

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