Cláusula y tipos de adverbios: ejemplos y reglas

Cláusula y tipos de adverbios: ejemplos y reglas

What is an adverb clause in English?

Definición de cláusula adverbial: una cláusula adverbial, también conocida como cláusula adverbial, es una cláusula dependiente que funciona como un adverbio en una oración. Modifica el verbo principal y nos dice POR QUÉ, CUÁNDO, DÓNDE y CÓMO ocurre una acción. Como es una cláusula dependiente, comienza con una conjunción subordinada.

Aquí hay una lista de conjunciones subordinantes que se usan en cláusulas adverbiales cuando responden las siguientes preguntas:

HOW as if, provided, like
WHY since, as, because, so, because of, now that, given that, so that, that
WHEN when, whenever, after, before, since, until, while, as soon as, by the time, once
WHERE where, anywhere, everywhere

Conjunciones subordinantes en una cláusula adverbial

Tenga en cuenta que una cláusula adverbial se conoce comúnmente como una cláusula adverbial, ya que no es un adverbio regular sino que funciona como un adverbio en una oración.

Examples:

  • She left the job because she was unhappy with the new management.
    (The adverb clause ‘because she was unhappy with the new management’ answers WHY the action happened: she left the job.)
  • They will meet us where we used to play cricket.
    (The adverb clause ‘where we used to play cricket’ answers WHERE the action will happen.)
  • The kids can watch TV after they finish the homework.
    (The adverb clause ‘after they finish the homework’ answers WHEN the action can happen.)
  • They were kissing in the park as if nobody was there.
    (The adverb clause ‘as if nobody was there’ answers HOW the action was happening: kissing.)
  • We will let him play if he passes the fitness test.
    (The adverb clause ‘If he passes the fitness test” tells us in what condition the main verb happens.)

Types of adverb clauses

  1. Adverb clause of place
  2. Adverb clause of time
  3. Adverb clause of reason/purpose
  4. Adverb clause of contrast
  5. Adverb clause of condition

Adverb Clause of Place
Una cláusula adverbial de lugar responde a la pregunta POR QUÉ; nos dice el lugar de una acción.

Conjunciones utilizadas: donde, en cualquier lugar, en todas partes

Examples:

  • He will meet us where we used to party back in the days.
  • You can park your car anywhere you want.
  • I see you everywhere I go.
  • It’s my house. You can sleep anywhere you want.
  • My dog koto follows me wherever I go.

Adverb Clause of Time
Una cláusula adverbial de tiempo modifica un verbo y nos dice CUÁNDO tiene lugar.

Conjunciones utilizadas: después, antes, hasta, por el tiempo, tan pronto como, cuando, cuando sea, desde

Examples:

  • I will call you after the meeting gets over.
  • Make sure you come back to your seat before the boss arrives here.
  • Everyone started crying as soon as I gave my resignation.
  • She gets mad whenever I call her Poopoo.
  • I haven’t seen my friend Ronny since we had an argument at a party.
  • We will have left by the time you come back home.

Adverb Clause of Reason/Purpose
Una cláusula adverbial de razón/propósito modifica un verbo y nos dice POR QUÉ ocurre la acción. Nos dice el motivo o el propósito de la acción.

Conjunctions used: Because, since, as, so, so that, that

Examples:

  • Jon quit the job because he was not happy with his salary.
  • We didn’t celebrate his birthday as one of our friends had a brutal accident.
  • Since it was pouring down rain, we did not move out.
  • He is working day and night so that his family can live happily.
  • She was happy that we came out to support her.

Adverb Clause of Contrast
Una cláusula adverbial de contraste modifica un verbo dando información contrastante.

Conjunctions used: Though, although, even though

Examples:

  • Though he had a high fever, he continued working.
  • The beggar gave me the only burger he had although he was hungry.
  • Even though she is famous and beautiful, I’ll not marry her.
  • The company didn’t consider his application though he performed better than all the other candidates for the job.
  • We were thrown out of the hall thought we all had entry passes.

Adverb Clause of Condition
Una cláusula adverbial de condición modifica un verbo diciendo en qué condición sucede.

Conjunctions used: If, only if, unless

Examples:

  • If you apologize to her, I will let you work here.
  • They will not return your car unless you pay the loan.
  • My father promised to buy me a bike if I pass the upcoming test.
  • If it rains today, we will go out and dance.

Composition of an adverb clause

Necesitamos los siguientes tres componentes, al menos, para formar una cláusula adverbial:

  • Subordinating conjunction (from the above list)
  • Subject (noun/pronoun)
  • Verb

I’ll call you when I get free.

Subordinating conjunction = when
Subject = I
Verb = get
Compliment = free

Si una cláusula dependiente que consta de cualquiera de las conjunciones subordinadas anteriores y una combinación de sujeto y verbo modifica un verbo indicando su lugar, tiempo, razón, concesión y condición, se denomina adverbio o cláusula adverbial, ya que funciona como un adverbio.

How to find an adverb clause in a sentence?

Si cualquier parte de una oración (que consta de una conjunción subordinada y una combinación de sujeto y verbo) brinda información sobre el verbo principal de la oración, es una cláusula adverbial o una cláusula adverbial.

Para ser más específicos, si una cláusula nos habla del tiempo, lugar, razón, propósito, condición o concesión del verbo principal, es una cláusula adverbial.

Intente encontrar las cláusulas adverbiales en los siguientes ejemplos, si los hay:

  • I’ll return his money as soon as I get my salary credited.
  • She will get married when she is ready.
  • If they really love you, they’ll come here to see you.
  • He failed the test though he had prepared well.
  • My mother comes with me wherever I go.

Adverbs clauses:

  • As soon as I get my salary credited (talking about the time when the main verb “return” happens)
  • When she is ready (modifying the main verb by telling us the time when it happens)
  • If they really love you (giving information about the main verb in terms of a condition)
  • Though he had prepared well (modifying the main verb by giving contrasting information about it)
  • Wherever I go (modifying the main verb and telling where the main verb happens)

NOTA: pregunte “cuándo/dónde/por qué/cómo” al verbo principal para averiguar la cláusula del adverbio.

An adverb clause also modifies an adjective

Una cláusula adverbial generalmente modifica un verbo, pero también puede modificar un adjetivo. Estudia los siguientes ejemplos:

  • He was sad that he couldn’t come to my birthday party. (modifying the adjective ‘sad’)
  • The teacher was angry that we didn’t perform well in the test. (modifying the adjective ‘angry’)

Adverb clauses and commas

Cuando las cláusulas adverbiales vienen al comienzo de una oración, es mejor usar una coma después. La coma aclara dónde termina la cláusula del adverbio. estudia los siguientes ejemplos:

  • After the match ends, we will have a party.
  • If he becomes the team leader, everyone will be happy.

But when adverb clauses come at the end of a sentence, there’s no need to use a comma.

  • We will have a party after the match ends.
  • Everyone will be happy if he becomes the team leader.

Important points to note:

  1. Adverb clauses start with subordinating conjunctions such as when, after, before, if, as as soon as, though, because
  2. Adverb clauses modify the main verbs by telling us WHEN, WHERE, HOW, & WHY the action happens.
  3. Adverb clauses are also called adverbial clauses as they function adverbially.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.