4 tipos de objetos en ingles

4 tipos de objetos en ingles

4 tipos de objetos en ingles

Types of objects in English

Hay 4 tipos diferentes de objetos en inglés. La mayoría de la gente conoce y habla de solo dos tipos de objeto: objeto directo y objeto indirecto. Pero eso no es todo.

Aquí están los 4 tipos de objetos que tenemos en el idioma inglés:

  • Direct object
  • Indirect object
  • Object of a preposition
  • Object of a possessive adjective

Note: The direct object and the indirect object are objects of an action verb.

Direct Object

Un objeto directo es un sustantivo o un pronombre que recibe una acción directamente. Es algo o alguien sobre lo que se actúa.

Pregunta QUÉ o QUIÉN al verbo para encontrar el objeto directo en una oración. La respuesta a ‘qué’ será una cosa, y la respuesta a ‘quién’ será una persona.

Examples:

  • I love Jerry.
    (I love ‘whom’ = Jerry)
  • I love my city.
    (I love ‘what’ = my city)
  • She slapped her teacher in the class.
    (slapped ‘whom’ = her teacher)
  • Let’s watch a movie together.
    (watch ‘what’ = a movie)
  • My friends don’t drink tea.
    (drink ‘what’ = tea)
  • I like the idea of helping each other.
    (like ‘what’ = the idea of helping each other)
  • Sam needed some money.
    (needed ‘what’ = some money)
  • She kisses me before going to bed.
    (kisses ‘whom’ = me)

Un objeto directo, o cualquier tipo de objeto, puede ser un sustantivo, una frase nominal o una cláusula nominal. Ya hemos visto objetos directos como un sustantivo y una frase nominal; Tomemos algunos ejemplos de objetos directos como cláusulas nominales:

Examples:

  • I love what you do. (noun clause)
  • The police admired how we helped the lady. (noun clause)
  • Ron hates what she had last night. (noun clause)

NOTE: A direct object can be a gerund or an infinitive as they both can work as a noun.

Examples:

  • I love teaching.
  • I don’t hate smoking; I just don’t do it.
  • She enjoys working here.
  • We are planning to write a book.
  • The company decided to cut some employees.

NOTE: In order to have a direct object in a sentence, the main verb (action) must be transitive. A transitive verb is an action verb that is acted upon something or somebody. All these verbs in the above examples are transitive.

Si tu oración tiene un verbo intransitivo, no puede tener un objeto directo. Un verbo intransitivo es un verbo de acción que no puede tener un objeto directo.

Some intransitive verbs: sleep, laugh, fall, yawn, sit, yell, cry, whine, dance, smile, etc.

Examples:

  • He is crying her. ❌
  • Why are you smiling/laughing me? ❌
  • They are sleeping bed. ❌

Corrections:

  • He is crying for her. ✔️
  • Why are you smiling/laughing at me? ✔️
  • They are sleeping on bed. ✔️

NOTE: An intransitive is not followed by a noun/pronoun directly. It is followed by a preposition as it can’t be acted upon an object directly.

Indirect object

Un objeto indirecto es generalmente una persona que recibe el objeto directo en una oración. El objeto directo se hace a o para el objeto indirecto. No podemos tener un objeto indirecto en una oración sin tener un objeto directo.

Para tener un objeto indirecto en una oración, el verbo debe ser ditransitivo. Un verbo ditransitivo tiene dos objetos: objeto directo e indirecto.

Una lista de verbos ditransitivos comunes: obtener, regalar, compartir, pasar, contar, ofrecer, traer, enseñar, mostrar, enviar, permitir, prometer, cobrar, otorgar, deber, enviar, servir, cantar, ahorrar, alimentar, prestar, prescribir , etc

Examples of indirect objects:

  • Monu got me an amazing phone last night.
    got ‘what‘ = an amazing phone (direct object)
    Got it ‘for whom’ = me (indirect object)
  • Could you pass us that book?
    pass ‘what’ = that book (direct object)
    pass it ‘to whom’ = us (indirect object)
  • They told my father to watch my videos.
    told ‘what’ = to watch my videos (direct object)
    told ‘whom’ = my father (indirect object)

More examples:

I will buy my mother a car.
Allow me to help you.
The teacher told me to call my parents.
The lady served us cold food.
Jon mailed me an unusual offer letter.
I teach them English.

NOTE: When the indirect object is placed after the direct object, it, grammatically, becomes an object of a preposition as it comes after a preposition in that case.

  • She has bought a book for Jon.
    (Jon, here, is not the indirect object anymore though we know the direct object is for Jon. It is the object of the preposition ‘for.’)
  • Alex is teaching English to me.
    (The same thing happens here. Because of the placement, the indirect object has become the object of the preposition ‘to ‘ grammatically.)

How to find direct and indirect object in a sentence?

How to find direct and indirect object in a sentence?

Si una oración tiene tanto el objeto directo como el indirecto, pregunta “qué” al verbo para averiguar el objeto directo y “quién” para averiguar el objeto indirecto.

  • I can’t tell him my secret.

I can’t tell “what” = my secret (direct object)
I can’t tell “whom” = him (indirect object)

Object of a preposition

Un objeto de una preposición es un sustantivo o un pronombre que viene justo después de una preposición. Puede ser un sustantivo regular, un gerundio o un pronombre, pero no puede ser un infinitivo.

Examples of an object of a preposition:

  • I was scared of dogs.
  • Everyone is crazy about learning English in my house.
  • The boy is hiding under the rock.
  • Jonny is addicted to smoking.
  • Some people don’t believe in the God.
  • We will go through the case soon.
  • The boys just jumped into the lake.
  • This is for you.

The object of a preposition can be a noun, noun phrase, or a noun clause. Let me show you some examples to illustrate this:

  • I was scared of those mean-looking men. (noun phrase)
  • We are not scared of what you can do to us. (noun clause)
  • Let’s not think about how it all started. (noun clause)
  • My family takes proud in what I do. (noun clause)

Unlike direct objects and indirect objects, an object of a preposition can come at the beginning of sentence, and even in the middle or at the end. Let me show you some examples to illustrate this point:

  • In the beginning of the show, I wasn’t taking him seriously.
  • On his request, we let the man sleep on our couch.
  • We jumped into the pool quickly.

Object of a possessive adjective

Un objeto de un objeto posesivo es un sustantivo que viene justo después de un adjetivo posesivo. Puede ser un sustantivo o una frase nominal, pero no puede ser una cláusula nominal.

Adjetivos posesivos: my, our, his, her, their, your, its

Examples of object of possessive adjective:

  • My new job is to help people achieve their goals.
  • I don’t need your help.
  • Is your assignment about mental health?
  • Everyone will have to look after their family.
  • Most students love your teaching.
  • His girlfriend helps him a lot.
  • Look at this car. Its main feature is to run on water.
  • They will appreciate your time.

Practice set!

  1. I don’t have anything for you.
  2. His speech impressed me.
  3. She won’t listen to you.
  4. Could you pass me the book?
  5. I enjoy his lessons.
  6. They didn’t allow me to enter the building.
  7. You can sleep now.
  8. Why are you getting angry at me?
  9. He got arrested last night.
  10. Jon is laughing like a mad man.

Answers:

1. Direct object = anything
Object of the preposition = you

2. Object of the possessive adjective = his
Direct object = me

3. Object of the preposition = you

4. Direct object = the book
Indirect object = me

5. Direct object = his lessons
Object of the possessive adjective “his” = lessons

6. Direct object = to enter the building
Indirect object = me

7. No object

8. Object of the preposition = me

9. No object

10. No object

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *